03 Notes - Reactions I

03 Notes - Reactions I - The removal of water joins the two...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Aim: How do organic compounds react? QQ: Draw 1,3-diiodocyclopentane. Do Now: Would you expect organic reactions to be faster or slower than inorganic reactions? Why? Organic Reactions Involve the breaking and forming of bonds Slower reactions than aqueous ionic reactions More possible products Addition Hydrogen or a halogen is added across a double or triple bond. Only works with unsaturated hydrocarbons. Substitution One type of atom is replaced with another type of atom – occurs most commonly with halogens alkane + halogen halide Proceeds stepwise…one H atom is replaced at a time: CH 4 + Cl 2 HCl + CH 3 Cl CH 3 Cl + Cl 2 HCl + CH 2 Cl 2 CH 2 Cl 2 + Cl 2 HCl + CHCl 3 CHCl 3 + Cl 2 HCl + CCl 4 Esterification Reaction between an acid and an alcohol resulting in the formation of an ester.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: The removal of water joins the two molecules together in the form of an ester bond Alcohol + organic acid Ester + water Br 2 H 2 Practice: Classify the reaction. Draw the reactants. Predict the products of the reaction. 1. 2-pentene + chlorine 2. butanoic acid + methanol 3. methane + fluorine Conclusions Organic reactions occur more slowly due to the nature of the bonds (covalent) Addition reactions require an unsaturated hydrocarbon Substitution reactions occur most readily with halogens and alkanes Esterification produces an ester from an alcohol and an organic acid...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 01/01/2012 for the course CHEM 101 taught by Professor Donahue during the Spring '11 term at Long Island U..

Page1 / 2

03 Notes - Reactions I - The removal of water joins the two...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online