04 Notes - Reactions II

04 Notes - Reactions II - Fat Base Glycerol Soap Practice...

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Aim: How do organic compounds react (cont’d)? QQ: Explain an esterification reaction in your own words. Do Now: What are some organic reactions that are used every day? Combustion: reaction where one of the reactants is O 2 (often associated with burning). If oxygen is present in excess: hydrocarbon + O 2 H 2 O + CO 2 If oxygen is limited: hydrocarbon + O 2 H 2 O + CO Known as incomplete combustion Fermentation: chemical process in which yeast break down sugars into CO 2 and ethanol C 6 H 12 O 6 ----------> 2 C 2 H 5 OH + 2 CO 2 Saponification: soap is made by reacting fatty acids (fats) with a strong base (NaOH or KOH)
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Unformatted text preview: Fat + Base Glycerol + Soap Practice: classify the reaction type, predict the products, and name all compounds. C 6 H 12 O 6---------> C 10 H 22 + O 2 Fatty acids + KOH Conclusions Combustion involves combining with oxygen o Complete combustion: CO 2 is formed o Incomplete combustion: CO is formed Fermentation involves reacting sugar with yeast to form ethanol and CO 2 Saponification reactions use fatty acids and a strong base to make soap yeast yeast...
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