05 Notes - Quantum Continued

05 Notes - Quantum Continued - .. Cr [Ar]4s 1 3d 5 Cu...

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Pluchino – Regents Chemistry Atomic History & Electron Configuration – 05 Quantum Continued Aim: How do electrons fill the different orbitals of each sublevel? Do Now: Write the electron configuration for phosphorus, how are the electrons in the 3p orbitals arranged? Nobel Gas Configuration: Short-cut for writing QM electron configuration… Mn 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 4s 2 3d 5 [Ar] 4s 2 3d 5 P 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 3 [Ne] 3s 2 3p 3 Rb 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 4s 2 3d 10 4p 6 5s 1 [Kr] 5s 1 You may use this instead of writing the complete electron configuration. Electrons must fill the lowest possible energy levels first… How do electrons fill up each sublevel? Hund’s Rule: a single electron must be placed in each orbital of a given sublevel before pairing takes place Each orbital can exist in 3 different states: Filled: 2 electrons Half-filled: 1 electron Empty: 0 electrons Filled and half-filled sublevels are very stable… Transition metals may rearrange their electrons to achieve filled and half-filled subshells.
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Unformatted text preview: .. Cr [Ar]4s 1 3d 5 Cu [Ar]4s 1 3d 10 Mo [Kr]5s 1 4d 5 Ag [Kr]5s 1 4d 10 W [Xe]6s 1 4f 14 5d 5 Au [Xe]6s 1 4f 14 5d 10 You are responsible for knowing these 6 exceptions to Hunds Rule. Pauli Exclusion Principle: two electrons cannot be in the same quantum state. Spin: within an orbital, one electron will be spin up the other will be spin down. Filling Orbital Boxes Always fill orbital boxes from LEFT to RIGHT Start with SPIN UP electrons first Always pair electrons spin up and spin down Practice: Write the electron configuration using the QM model. Draw the orbital diagram for the valence electrons. 1. S 2. Mg 3. F 4. Fe Conclusions: Aufbau Principle fill the lowest energy levels first Hunds Rule do not pair up electrons until you absolutely have to Pauli Exclusion Principle within an orbital, one electron is spin up, the other spin down...
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05 Notes - Quantum Continued - .. Cr [Ar]4s 1 3d 5 Cu...

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