9 Peter Singer All Animals Are Equal

9 Peter Singer All Animals Are Equal - IF possessing a...

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Peter Singer All Animals Are Equal 1. The basic principle of equality from one group to another does not imply that we must treat groups in exactly the same rights to both groups. What we should do depends on the nature of the group. The basic principle of equality does not require equal or identical treatment; it requires equal consideration. Equal consideration for different beings may lead to different treatment and different rights. The principle of the equality of human beings is not a description of an alleged actual equality among humans; it is a prescription of how we should treat humans. 2. Speciesism is a prejudice or attitude of bias toward the interests of members of one’s own species and against those members of other species.
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Unformatted text preview: IF possessing a higher degree of intelligence does not entitle one human to use another for his own ends, how can it entitle humans to exploit nonhumans for the same purpose? 3. The sanctity of life view is the view that it is always wrong to take an innocent human life. To avoid speciesism we must allow that beings which are similar in all relevant respects have a similar right to life. He rejects this view, since people should give the same respect to the lives of animals as we would give to the lives of those humans at a similar mental level. For instance, chimpanzee has a higher degree of self-awareness and a greater capacity for meaningful relations with others than a retarded infant....
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