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Exploration DocumentChristina M. GrayHUM200Cultural ArtifactsMy first work of art is a painting by the Italian artist Leonardo Da Vinci, titled the "Mona Lisa." It was painted during the Italian Renaissance, between 1503 and 1517. The paining is 2' 6" x 1' 9" and was painted with oil on panel. This famous work of art currently hangs in the Louvre Museum in Paris, France. My second work is also a painting. "Aristotle with a Bust of Homer" which was painted during the Dutch Baroque in 1653 by the Dutch artist Rembrandt van Rijn. This painting was also painted with oil, however it was on canvas. This somewhat lesser known piece of art hangs in the Metropolitan Museum of Art In New York and is 4′ 8.5″ × 4′ 5.75″.Common ThemeAfter close review of the two works of art, I believe the common theme that I have found to be between these two works of art is secularism. Secularism is the principle of separation of the state from religious institutions. Even though I find that the Mona Lisais clearly not a religious figure nor is she surrounded by anything related to religion. She is glorified in a way that was once reserved for religious figures. "The Mona Lisa’s smile came not from some divine intervention. Instead, it was the product of years of painstaking and studied human effort involving applied science as well as artistic skill" (Isaacson, 2017). Once again, Rembrandt's Aristotle with the Bust of Homerdoesn't depict a religious figure and has nothing to do with religion. Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who was like other Greek philosophers that were known to be secular and focus more on science over religion. Personal Experience1
The theme I have chosen is connected to me personally because secularism is everywhere in society today, as seen through many scientific, humanitarian, and technological advances. For themost part religion isn't intertwined with the government. Without delving to deep of politics. I myself am a Christian and I find myself to lean more with the Republican party, even though they are more likely to allow faith to play a role in politics. I have my Christian beliefs but I don'tlike them being mixed in with politics.