body_terms-outline - Terminology Page 1 of 8 ANAT 11110...

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Terminology Page 1 of 8 ANAT 11110 Lectures 1, 2, & 3 Fall 2011 Body Organization and Terminology I. Anatomy and physiology A. Anatomy: study of body structure/morphology 1. Gross anatomy a. Systemic b. Regional c. Surface (aka, topographic) i. Palpation: technique used to study structures beneath the skin 2. Microscopic anatomy a. Cytology: the study of cells b. Histology: the study of tissues 3. Developmental anatomy: study of the structural changes that occur in the body throughout the life span, from conception to death a. Embryology: conception through birth 4. Comparative anatomy B. Physiology: study of the functions of the body 1. Cell 2. Systemic 3. Pathological: study of disease processes 4. Pharmacological: study of drug actions in the body
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Page 2 of 8 C. Methods of investigation 1. Dissection 2. Microscopy 3. Radiography 4. Tomography 5. Ultrasound 6. Scintigraphy 7. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) II. Levels of organization A. Cell: basic unit of structure and function in living organisms 1. Atoms 2. Molecules 3. Organelles B. Tissue: aggregation of similar cells, joined to perform a specific function 1. Epithelial 2. Nerve 3. Muscle 4. Connective (including blood and bone) C. Organ: a structure consisting of two or more tissues that performs a specific function D. System: a group of organs which function together 1. Integumentary
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body_terms-outline - Terminology Page 1 of 8 ANAT 11110...

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