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ShatanaBentley-SC300-BigIdeasInScience-FinalProject -...

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Science Meets Real Life Shatana Bentley November 22, 2011 SC 300: Big Ideas in Science: From Methods to Mutation Professor Maureen Foley The scientific method involves using several steps in order to reach a conclusion about a particular inquiry. The steps are basically an investigation process. The method is an ongoing cycle that should be applied with intelligence and creativity. Some of the steps can occur at the same time, in a different order or even repeated during the experiment in order to improve the conclusion. Typically the scientific method involves the following steps: Ask a question: A question needs to be specific in order to provide direct focus to the inquiry. Research the topic: Research needs to be detailed in order to learn as much as possible to help with your question.
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Formulate a hypothesis: A hypothesis is a statement regarding the cause and effect of the situation surrounding your question. Test the hypothesis: Testing involves the planning and carrying out of a procedure or set of procedures to gather data (Science Buddies, 2011). Scenario 1: Whether we know it or not the scientific method is being used in everything we do. For instance, I arrive at home after dark. After opening the door, I reach for the light switch. When I flip the switch to turn the light on nothing happens. Here is where I am going to start applying the scientific method. Why is the light out? A normal human being will go through a mental and physical process of hypothesis testing. All these things happen very fast in your mind and you may not know that the various steps of the scientific method are going on. The first step i.e. observation is that even if the switch is on, there is darkness. The question arises. What could be wrong? Is the power out? Then a prediction is made that if the power is out, neighborhood lights must be off also. Then the next step is to experiment. Look around and observe neighborhood lights are on. So the prediction is failed and you come to the conclusion of rejecting the hypothesis. From the previous observation and experiment a revised hypothesis is made to try out another lamp in the house. If it is turned on, the hypothesis was correct. So the revised hypothesis was a success. If still the lights are not turned on, the revised hypothesis again fails. So another hypothesis needs to be developed and so on. It will also constitute a cycle of scientific method of the above
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