Sociology-Test

Sociology-Test - Exam 2 3 N Chapter 4 3pts Multiple Choice...

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Unformatted text preview: Exam 2 3 N Chapter 4 3pts Multiple Choice 1. Socialization is important to humans because without it humans have no way of learning about society. B. it is necessary for the formation of a personality. C. humans are helpless at birth. D. almost all human social behavior must be learned. E. all of the above 2. From a functionalist perspective, socialization A. is always dysfunctional. is necessary in order to create society. C. serves the interests of the ruling class only. D. should be understood as a form of symbolic communication. B. provides a means to develop the perfect society. 3. The ability to think, know, perceive, judge, and reason is referred to as A. psychosocial development B. cognitive ability C. self-concept \D. socialization E. role—taking 4. Let’s suppose that when you started college you discovered that the work was far harder than it had been in high school. To deal with this crisis, you had to make lots of changes in your values, norms, attitudes, and behaviors with respect to studying. If this were true, you would have undergone resocialization B. anticipatory socialization C. concrete operations cognition D. revitalization of the superego E. reference group assimilation 5. Individuals who are roughly the same age and have similar interests would be known as one’s A. subculture B. cohort C. family 1.1 gang peer group 6. Which of the mass media is the most influential socializing agent in the United States? 5. Which of the following best describes the relationship between culture and social structure? A. one way; culture affects social structure B. one way; social structure affects culture C. non-existent; neither affects the other D. they affect each other “IE. unknown 6. Philip Zimbardo’s experiment with college students acting as prisoners and prison guards illustrated that A. people are socialized into roles very easily when the social structure supports it. B. it is easier to get people to act as guards than as prisoners. C. the behavior of American soldiers at Abu Ghraib prison was highly unusual. D. some people are naturally guards, while others are more naturally prisoners. E. all of the above 7. A is composed of people living within defined territorial borders who share a common culture. A. formal organization B. group C. community .12. culture E. society 2 Points True or False ‘ T F Sociologists are interested in the relationships between different social statuses. i T F Cultural expectations form the basis of social structure, but the social structure also affects culture. F In Zimbardo’s prison simulation experiment, the players rapidly adopted the statuses and roles assigned them and behaved as if they were real. "T F A society is the largest and most self—sufficient social structure in existence. T ; F' The way a society achieves subsistence has no connection with culture or social structure. 5 Point Essay Discuss how easy or difficult it was for the subjects in Philip Zimbardo’s experiment to be socialized into their new statuses and roles. 6. The term that refers to the fact that relatively few women and minorities get promoted to the more powerful positions in organizations is A. lack of experience B. lack of aptitude C. a conspiracy among white men D. the glass ceiling E. sexual harassment 2 Points True or False T F The Internet has had a significant impact on the development of networks. T F According to the text, race, ethnicity, gender, and social class impact the distribution of power in organizations T F Conflict in a group has only negative consequences. T F As a student, other students in our classes, or our friends, may serve as reference groups for us. 5 Points Essay What functions do social networks have? Chapter 7 3 Points Multiple Choice 1. refers to behavior that violates significant social norms. A. Social control B. Anomie C. Stigma D. Recidivism E. Deviance functionalist theories control theories symbolic interactionist theories psychological theories FUDGE?“ 9. The is composed of the police, the courts, and the correctional systems. industrial complex long arm of the law courts criminal justice system American Bar Association WUOW? 10. Research indicates that the death penalty is not a deterrent to crime; Americans believe that the death penalty A. should be discontinued. B. satisfies their desire for revenge and retribution. C. should be used sparingly. D. should be used more often. E. should be applied for every conviction Essay 7 Points Total Explain how a negative label can be negative? Explain how a positive label can be negative? 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Sociology-Test - Exam 2 3 N Chapter 4 3pts Multiple Choice...

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