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Lecture4finalCHM233(10)

Lecture4finalCHM233(10) - Organic Chemistry Third Edition...

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1 Organic Chemistry , Third Edition Janice Gorzynski Smith University of Hawai’i Chapter 2
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4 A Brønsted-Lowry acid is a proton donor. It must have a proton. A Brønsted-Lowry base is a proton acceptor. It must be able to form a bond to a proton. A hydrogen atom without its electron is a proton. H + = proton Brønsted-Lowry Acids and Bases
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5 Brønsted-Lowry Acids and Bases Figure 2.1
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6 Some molecules contain both hydrogen atoms and lone pairs and thus, can act either as acids or bases, depending on the particular reaction. Acidic and Basic Sites in Morphine
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7 Reactions of Brønsted-Lowry Acids and Bases
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8 Examples of Brønsted-Lowry Acid-Base Reactions
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9 The movement of electrons in reactions can be illustrated using curved arrow notation. Because two electron pairs are involved in this reaction, two curved arrows are needed. A double reaction arrow (indicating equilibrium) is used between starting materials and products to indicate that the reaction can proceed in the forward and reverse directions.
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