Ch 13 Types of Project Organizations

Ch 13 Types of - Organization • Matrix organization structure provides the project and customer focus of the project structure but it retains the

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Ch 13 Types of Project Organizations Objective Characteristics of the three types of organization structures Advantages and disadvantages of each Functional Type Organization Functional organization emphasizes the importance of the contribution of each functional component’s expertise to the company’s products In a functional organization individuals continue to perform regular functional jobs while they serve part-time on a project task force A company with a functional structure may periodically form project task forces to work on internal projects, but will seldom perform projects involving external customers Project Type Organization
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In a project type organization , all resources are assigned full-time to work on a particular project. The PM has complete project and administrative authority over the project team Project type organization can be cost-inefficient Project type organization structures are found primarily in companies that are involved with very large projects Matrix Type
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Unformatted text preview: Organization • Matrix organization structure provides the project and customer focus of the project structure, but it retains the functional expertise of a the functional structure • The functional components provide a pool of expertise to support the ongoing projects • Results in effective utilization of resources and minimizes overall costs because it allows for the sharing of individuals’ time among several projects • Each member of a project team has a dual reporting relationship to the temporary PM and to a permanent functional manager • The PM defines what has to be done, by when and for how much money to meet the project objective and satisfy the customer • Each functional manager is responsible for how the work will be accomplished and who will do each task • Allows for fast response upon problem identification because it has both horizontal and vertical paths for the flow of information Advantages and Disadvantages of Organization Structures...
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This note was uploaded on 01/02/2012 for the course ENCE ence320 taught by Professor Cable during the Spring '11 term at Maryland.

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Ch 13 Types of - Organization • Matrix organization structure provides the project and customer focus of the project structure but it retains the

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