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ccjs - Exam1:StudyGuide 03:55 CriminalJustice 1., 2....

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Exam 1: Study Guide 03:55 Criminal Justice: Goals of Criminal Justice System 1. Preventing Crime – police, courts and corrections to deter crime.  2. Doing Justice – rules and procedures that protect fairness and principle 3. Controlling Crime – arresting, prosecuting, convicting and punishing * The Criminal Justice System is based on the concept of  federalism,  which is the  division of power between the national and state governments.  * It is a  system,  a complex whole made up of interdependent parts whose actions are  directed toward goals and influenced by the environment which they function. (includes  police, courts, correections) Characteristics: 1) Discretion – see below 2) Resource Dependence – among agencies 3) Sequential Tasks – steps in the system 4) Filtering – screening cases Categories include:  1) Police 2) Court 3) Corrections Crime:
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Ordinary Crime or  Visible Crime , is often called a street crime because it is the one  most upsetting to the public. Extraordinary is the opposite (something that is less  common) Crime  – The commission or omission of the accused.  There is no consensus on how to deal with the problems of crime because it is based on  policy and policy choices. Law: - The ideology of the law is a set of values supportive of the system and existing social  order.  - The law is a social process, interpreted and applied in various contexts by many  different people.  Government: Government is a form of social control. The manner in which crime is fought is based on  policy and policy choices. (Federalism) Deterrence: 1) Specific – preventing a repeat.  2) General – preventing future crimes.  - The deterrent effect – the actions of police, courts, and corrections that punish those 
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