Case Brief paper

Case Brief paper - 1 CCJS100 Section 0104 2/13/10 Court...

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CCJS100 Section 0104 2/13/10 Court Briefs Assignment Over the course of America’s history there have been numerous landmark cases, which have paved the way for how many circumstances will be handled in the future. While some have been highly publicized in the high school history texts book such as the famous Brown v. Board of Education which ruled in favor of the integration of schools in America. Unfortunately, not every case that has made a significant difference on how the court systems make their rulings are published as dramatically as the previous example each has it’s own place of importance in America’s history. Five of some of the most influential Supreme Court cases are Miranda v. Arizona, Gideon v. Wainwright, Brown v. Mississippi, Mapp v. Ohio, and lastly Furman v. Georgia. Though each of these cases contain different back-stories on why each defendant was being tried, but they all have on thing in common, which is the right every American has to due process. Due process guarantees that the government will protect all right given to a person under the Constitution, and in each circumstance the Supreme Court makes sure that these laws are being protected. The cases Miranda v. Arizona, which was decided on June 13 th , 1966, is arguably one of the most significant cases to pass through the Supreme Court. The defendant Ernesto Miranda was a man who was not what most would describe as affluent. At twenty-three years old he was arrested at his home and brought into the police station in which the victim identified him as his/her rapper and kidnapper (Finkelman, Miranda v. Arizona). At first Miranda refused to come clean, but after a few hours of questioning he finally gave in and admitted his guilt, which played a large role in his initial conviction. While most would believe that this initial conviction was legitimate, it was later proven that Miranda was not read the rights that are now known as the 1
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Miranda Rights (Finkelman, Miranda v. Arizona). This came in direct violation of Miranda’s Fifth and Sixth Amendment rights, which gave him the right to protect himself from self- incrimination and his right to counsel. When Miranda pleaded his case to the Supreme Court the decision was very close. The Supreme Court ruled 5-4 in favor of Miranda stating that his fifth and sixth amendment rights had indeed been violated (Finkelman, Miranda v. Arizona). This case is so important due to the fact that without it there is the possibility that many more people might be wrongly convicted due to confessions under unruly circumstances. Not only is that important but because of this case every single person who is arrested is now read their Miranda Rights to make sure everyone knows their constitutional rights before they confess to something they may or may not have done because they were either manipulated or forced into saying something that might not have been true. In the case of Brown v. Mississippi, decided on February 17
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Case Brief paper - 1 CCJS100 Section 0104 2/13/10 Court...

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