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CCJS Exam 2 Study Guide

CCJS Exam 2 Study Guide - CCJSExam2StudyGuide 11:42:00...

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CCJS Exam 2 Study Guide 08/04/2010 11:42:00 Court Actors: Judges-Discretion o Negotiator –Referee between prosecution and the Defense o Adjudicator-Apply laws (main role) o Administrator- case scheduling, over seeing other judges Pre Trial Bail o Secure appearance at trial o Based on prior record and current offense o 8 th  amendment: can’t be excessive  o Prosecutor has the most influence with deciding bail Arraignment: Defendant enters a plea Prosecutor can drop charges o Due to weak evidence (motion to exclude that the defense filed was  granted) o Legal Characteristics o Extralegal characteristics: jails over crowding of volume of cases Plea Bargain: Criticism: done in secret o 6 th  amendment right to a public trial: ensure fairness since its open o Pervert justice: prosecutors have an incentive to over charge, more  severe charges  Benefits: o Efficiency: in terms of time and money saved o More individualized Courts:
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