CRIMINOLOGY - GED260FN_0209

CRIMINOLOGY - GED260FN_0209 - Text: Authors: Publisher:...

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Unformatted text preview: Text: Authors: Publisher: Criminology Today: An Integrative Introduction 5th Edition ISBN- 0-13-513031-X Frank Schmalleger Pearson Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 700 North Main Street, Santa Ana, CA 92701 Phone: 714-547-9625 Fax: 714-547-5777 02/09 GED260 Criminology Final Examination Final Examination 1 Criminology 1) In a __________ state, an individual may be prosecuted for violating tradition- al notions of right and wrong, even though no violation of written law oc- curred. A) criminalized B) statutory law C) common law D) none of the above 2) According to John F. Galliher, legal defi nitions of criminality are arrived at through a __________ process. A) political B) psychological C) mainstream D) sociological 3) The belief that crime is the result of criteria that have been built into the law by powerful groups is the basis of the __________ perspective on crime. A) psychological B) sociological C) political D) legal 4) The pluralistic perspective suggests that behaviors are typically criminalized through A) general agreement of members of society. B) a political process. C) the existence of shared norms and values. D) none of the above 5) A police offi cer or probation offi cer is best described as a A) criminal justice professional. B) criminalist. C) criminologist. D) none of the above Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet) 2 Final Examination Criminology 6) The number of personnel employed by private security agencies today is __________ that of public law enforcement agencies. A) twice B) equal to C) four times D) half 7) Criminology is A) a collection of theories. B) a profession. C) a fi eld of study. D) all of the above 8) A(n) __________ theory of crime is one that attempts to explain all or most forms of criminal conduct through a single, overarching approach. A) unicausal B) complete C) general D) integrated 9) The social responsibility perspective is affi liated with __________ theory. A) culture con ict B) routine activities C) social learning D) rational choice 10) The __________ contributes to the criminal event by failing to prevent crimi- nal activity. A) general public B) criminal justice system C) victim D) offender Final Examination 3 Criminology 11) If you needed offi cial police statistics on crime in Texas, you would use A) a self-report study. B) the NCVS. C) the UCR. D) none of the above 12) The most common motivation for hate crimes is A) religious bias. B) bias based on ethnicity/national origin. C) bias based on sexual orientation. D) racial bias. 13) Which of the following was not a possible cause of the decrease in reported crime since the mid-1990s? A) New strict laws, an expanded justice system, and an increase in police fund- ing B) Economic expansion C) Social upheaval D) Changes in crime-fi ghting technologies 14) Drunk driving is an example of A) felony homicide....
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CRIMINOLOGY - GED260FN_0209 - Text: Authors: Publisher:...

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