2 History 103 sept 7

2 History 103 sept 7 - History 103 When Old Worlds Collide...

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When Old Worlds Collide: Contact, Conquest, Catastrophe Sept. 7, 2011 History 103 Web
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Reminders: class etiquette
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Reminders for week 2 Lecture outline posted before class on BB under “Documents” section Look in SAME BB section –Documents – for Reading packet no. 2, which has readings and review questions due for this week’s section. Do section reading and fill in reading review questions BEFORE coming to your section. Bring two copies of your answers: give one to your TA, keep the other for reference during section discussion.
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a provocative statement “By 1600, Europeans had created the first global economy in history and had inflicted upon the native peoples of the Americas, for the most part unintentionally, the greatest known catastrophe that human societies have ever suffered.” today’s lecture: why many historians would agree with this statement
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Demographic disaster: Native Americans isolated from contact with Eurasian peoples since @ 15,000 BC No immunities to diseases exchanged along Eurasian trade routes in 11-14 th centuries “virgin soil” epidemics: high death rates at first exposure to new diseases Chief killers: smallpox but also measles, chicken pox Disease burden compounded by disruption of native American economies Estimates that as much as 95% of native population died in two centuries after 1492
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Virgin soil epidemics among first peoples All of Americas North America Pop. Estimates 1492 72+ million 5 million 1800 4-4.5 million* 600,000 1900 250,000** 1980 1 million * 6% of 1492 total ** 5% of 1492 total
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Resilience of native peoples Survivors regrouped, formed new tribal units Sought to coexist with dangerous new European “neighbors” Tried to trade to their own advantage: their goods (food, furs and skins) for European goods they wanted
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This note was uploaded on 01/02/2012 for the course HIS 103 taught by Professor Nedlandsman during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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2 History 103 sept 7 - History 103 When Old Worlds Collide...

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