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4 History 103 sept 14

4 History 103 sept 14 - History 103 England Discovers Its...

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England Discovers Its Colonies: Empire, Liberty, and Expansion Sept. 14, 2011 History 103 Web
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Reminders: class etiquette
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Bonus question tally after round 1 Section no. of winners 01 1 02 0 03 0 04 0 05 2 06 4 07 1
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Exploring the spectrum of settlements Questions for you to think about What kind of “growing pains” did the new settlements suffer? (Theme of current set of section readings on Bacon’s Rebellion and King Philip’s War) What different opportunities for different groups did each colony offer? Which of these places would YOU have chosen to go? (Theme of next set of questions we’ll be discussing in section)
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Puritans: a prosperous people Created far more economically stable colony than those in Chesapeake Bay Sent surplus food and lumber to West Indies Distinctive political institutions: Chamber of Deputies Body of Liberties (1641)
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Puritans: a contentious people But religious cohesion was short lived Once people started to read the Bible, they disagreed over what it meant! Puritan conflicts over Infant baptism & half-Way covenant Anne Hutchinson: challenge to religious authority led to banishment
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religious intolerance Ideals of religious tolerance and separation of church and state far from Puritan intentions Puritans only believed in religious “freedom” for themselves, not other groups (ex: intense persecution of new group, Quakers) In fighting led to formation of new Puritan settlements: Connecticut, New Haven (later becomes part of CT), and Rhode Island
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Pequot war, 1634-1638 Growth of English settlements increased conflict with local Indian groups Pequot War: series of armed conflicts between English and Pequots and their allies Pequots decimated by conflict At left: engraving of 1637 battle at Mystic, CT
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British colonies as of 1640 Two clusters of settlement Chesapeake Bay area: Virginia, Maryland, Delaware New England: Mass., Ct., Rhode Island, NH, In all, 7 of original 13 colonies were founded by 1640
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colonization halted in 1640 Great unrest brewing back in England Recall from Monday’s lecture: What were the three “revolutions” going on in England in 1600s? Those three intersected to foment a civil war
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English Civil War 1642: armies loyal to Parliament (Puritans, “Roundheads”) went to war against armies loyal to King (royalists, Catholic sympathizers, “Cavaliers”) Colonial Puritans initially supportive
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