5 History 103 sept 19

5 History 103 sept 19 - History 103 Provincial America and...

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Provincial America and the Struggle for a Continent Sept. 19, 2011 History 103 Web
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Reminders: class etiquette
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Review: Last week: very fast overview of “spectrum of settlement” in 17 th c English colonies, before and after Restoration colonies Section: look at “growing pains” new colonies suffered: Bacon’s Rebellion, Metacom or King Philip’s War (see review in last Wed.’s outline) This week: look at period from 1680s to 1740s, Maturation of British empire and role of North American colonies in it Themes of expansion and “anglicization” Section exercise starting Wed.: you’ll assume identity of a colonist and decide which colony you’d like to go to.
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17th c. English social hierarchy
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Colonial social hierarchy: in theory , same deference; in practice much messier…
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Bacon’s rebellion: a decisive moment in colonial history Demonstrated dangers posed by people at bottom of social hierarchy, that is, servants and slaves In its wake, planters replaced white indentured servants with enslaved Africans new legal codes: slavery permanent condition for enslaved Africans new color line separating poor white and black colonists New hierarchy privileged “free” (white) colonists
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Colonial unrest fed into unrest in England: King Philip’s War and Bacon’s Rebellion occurred as yet another crisis brewing back in England Unrest in Virginia: drop in royal revenues, fed into Stuart resolve to increase control over colonies “restored” Stuart king, Charles II, intent on doing that, followed new philosophy known as “mercantilism”
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Mercantilism: a new theory of empire political philosophy designed to rationalize new empire holdings held that power derived from a nation’s wealth Colonies necessary to strengthen mother country’s wealth Mother country had right to control colonial trade for its own profit First stirrings of mercantilism: in Cromwell’s era Parliament passed First Navigation Act, 1651 Set rules governing which goods could enter English ports and on
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This note was uploaded on 01/02/2012 for the course HIS 103 taught by Professor Nedlandsman during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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5 History 103 sept 19 - History 103 Provincial America and...

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