14 History 103 oct 24

14 History 103 oct 24 - History 103 Completing the...

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Completing the Revolution Oct. 24, 2011 History 103 Web
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Reminders: class etiquette
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News of note Midterms will be returned at end of lecture today. More about them later. Instructions for paper due November 30 are posted on BB. Check them out!
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Divisions among Revolutionary Generation emerge in new republic What should new republic look like? Should it be a nation of farmers or merchants? Should governing elite remain be “men of property and standing,” a “natural aristocracy” of the “well bred, well fed, well read, and well wed” in words of historian James McGregor Burns Or did real republican virtue lie in more direct democracy -- or rule by the “mob” or “the people”?
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Faith in republican virtues Founding Brothers were aware that the only way new republic of USA would survive would be if its citizens could be instilled with republican values and virtues As a political philosophy, republicanism emphasizes “the importance of civic virtue and political participation, the dangers of corruption, the benefits of a mixed constitution and the rule of law.” [Stanford dict. of pol. Philosophy] In social terms, republicanism meant rejection of vestiges of monarchism such as wigs, fancy dress, and luxury Especially striking in transformation of men’s dress
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Aristocrat vs. Republican
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Hamilton vs Jefferson Keen differences remained among new leaders over what kind of economy and society was best for nurturing of republican virtue Two personalities within G Washington’s cabinet became focal point of different worldviews Hamiltonians/Federalists favored speculators, financiers, and commercial interests Called for strong central government to create stable currency, favorable conditions for trade Jeffersonians/Republicans favored farmers and an agrarian orientation Wanted decentralized authority and limited federal power Believed small independent family farmers – “yeoman farmers” - were backbone of republican virtue
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A keen debate: where was republican virtue most likely to reside? Alexander Hamilton vs Thomas Jefferson: Nation of merchants and Nation of small independent farmers manufacturers Eastern, settled, urban US Western, frontier, rural US
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Political divisions represented a divided economy Rural west semi subsistence agriculture, only loosely tied into market Small farmers producing for selves and families Needed easy credit, low taxes Urban east In Northern cities, merchants and artisans tied into Atlantic trade Farmers tied into this more commercial economy as well (supplying cities)’ Favored stricter credit, benefited from higher taxes
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The French Dilemma Divisions carried over into foreign policy arena as well Key point of contention: stance toward French Revolution, which began in 1789 Given support French had shown their revolution, Americans initially returned the
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This note was uploaded on 01/02/2012 for the course HIS 103 taught by Professor Nedlandsman during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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14 History 103 oct 24 - History 103 Completing the...

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