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Session 1 CRT - Scientific Writing Scientific Dana J...

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Unformatted text preview: Scientific Writing Scientific Dana J. Lawrence, DC Why do scientists write? Why To win fame To get promotions To extend knowledge But… The primary reason is that communication The is essential if science is to progress is Three Sets of Preliminary Questions Questions First, are you studies designed to answer First, the question you are asking? the Second, do your experiments meet Second, accepted ethical standards? accepted Third, have you arranged to record the Third, details of your work as it proceeds? details Main Steps for Preparing Research for Publication for Assess Work Choose journal (get Instructions and read Choose them) them) Write working title and main headings Construct outline Get necessary permissions Choose and design tables and figures Main Steps for Preparing Research for Publication (Cont.) for Write first draft and present preliminary Write paper paper Bury draft for a short while Prepare reference list Revise structure Revise style Have colleagues review and revise again Prepare final version of paper Deciding Whether and When to Write Write Is your work really worth writing about? A paper worth publishing records: paper “significant experimental, theoretical or observational extensions of knowledge, or advances in the application of known principles.” (O’Connor and Woodford 1975) 1975) Deciding Whether and When to Write (Cont.) Write Ask if your tentative conclusions are Ask clearly related to the question you set out to answer. What Kind of Paper What Long paper with detailed discussion? Short communication for rapid publication? Do not slice paper into several smaller Do papers (“salami” publication) papers Multiple papers from one research study Multiple arises from large-scale studies taking many years or which fall into discrete parts many Who are the Readers Who What is the Journal It is important to keep who the reader is in It mind mind Knowing the audience will help you Knowing choose the correct journal choose Question 1 Question Which journals do the people you hope to Which reach prefer to read? reach Question 2 Question Which journals print papers of the kind and Which length you propose to write? length Question 3 Question Which are the well established journals in Which your field? your Question 4 Question Which journals are of high scientific quality Which but have moderately low rejection rates (say 30% of submissions or less)? (say Question 5 Question Which journals are covered by the main Which abstracting and title-listing services, or indexing agencies? indexing Question 6 Question Which journals have editors who are Which highly regarded in their fields of science and provide prompt, fair and helpful reviewing? reviewing? Question 7 Question Which journals are published often enough Which to give your paper a chance of appearing within 6weeks to 9 months of acceptance (depending on whether the journal is a rapid results journals or one with a slower publication schedule)? publication Question 8 Question Which journals require authors to be Which members of the society which owns or sponsors the journal? sponsors Question 9 Question Which journals have page charges or Which submission charges? submission Question 10 Question Which journals print high quality Which photographs (ie, electron micrographs) and which accept color photographs, if these are essential to your work? these Question 11 Question Which journals provide offprints or Which reprints, which provide them free of charge, how many do they provide, and what do extra copies cost (if offprints/reprints are important to you)? offprints/reprints Question 12 Question Which journals use a standard reference Which system that you can cope with easily? system A Few Words on Instructions to Authors Authors Read them! They are designed to promote swift and They accurate publication and to save money. accurate Summary of Session 1 Summary Answer preliminary questions about the Answer direction, content and organization of your work work Assess whether it is ripe for submission Decide whether to write a short or longer Decide paper paper Decide who your readers are Get the Instructions and read them ...
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