Session 7 CRT - The Introduction The C507 Scientific...

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Unformatted text preview: The Introduction The C507 Scientific Writing Session 7 Before You Even Write Before Decide on Authorship Know the manuscript requirements Assemble all your data Authorship Authorship What is a fair claim to authorship? Responsibility Content Four Criteria for Authorship Four 1. AN author should have generated at 1. least a part of the intellectual content of the paper: initially conceived of the study it reports, if it is a research paper or case report; or developed the plan for the paper, if it is a review or editorial. paper, Four Criteria for Authorship Four 2. An author should have collected 2. reported data (including clinical observations) and interpreted them for the paper’s message. paper’s Four Criteria for Authorship Four 3. An author should have taken part in 3. writing the paper or revising its intellectual contents. Four Criteria for Authorship Four 4. An author should be able to defend 4. publicly in the scientific community that intellectual content of the paper for he or she take responsibility. she Justification for Authorship Justification Basis: Genesis of the paper (research Basis: report report Legitimate: Development of a testable Legitimate: hypothesis hypothesis Not legitimate: Suggestion that legitimate Not author(s) work on the problem author(s) Justification for Authorship Justification Basis: Genesis of the paper (case report) Legitimate: First notice of previously Legitimate: unobserved phenomenon unobserved Not legitimate: Physician’s routine referral Not care, service care, Justification for Authorship Justification Genesis of the paper (review) Legitimate: Critical interpretations of reviewed Legitimate: papers and assembled data papers Not legitimate: Suggestion that the review be Not written written Justification for Authorship Justification Basis: Research efforts Legitimate: Development of study design Not legitimate: Suggestion of use of standard Not study design study Justification for Authorship Justification Basis: Research efforts Legitimate: development of new method Legitimate: (laboratory, field, or statistical) or critical modification of previous method modification Not legitimate: Observations and Not measurements by routine methods measurements Legitimate: Personal collection and analysis of Legitimate: data. data. Justification for Authorship Justification Basis: Clinical studies Legitimate: New diagnostic and therapeutic Legitimate: efforts efforts Not legitimate: “Routine” diagnostic and Not therapeutic efforts that would have occurred even if the paper had not been written even Justification for Authorship Justification Basis: Interpretation of findings Legitimate: Explanatory insight into Legitimate: unexpected phenomena unexpected Not legitimate: Routine explanations such as Not EKG or radiographic reports EKG Justification for Authorship Justification Basis: Writing of the paper Legitimate: Writing of the first draft or critically Legitimate: important revision of concept in a later draft important Not legitimate: Solely criticisms of drafts and Not suggestions for revision of presentation, not ideas ideas Justification for Authorship Justification Basis: Responsibility for content Legitimate: Ability to justify intellectually the Legitimate: conclusions of the paper, including defense of the evidence and counterevidence weighed in reaching the conclusions reaching Not legitimate: Solely attesting to accuracy of Not individual facts reported. individual A Challenge Challenge One of the most difficult problems in One authorship arises with research reports by large, multi-center, cooperative teams large, A Final Comment on Authorship Final Early discussion on authorship has Early another practical value. When a decision has been reached, the to-be authors can then decide on how to divide the work of writing the paper. Manuscript Requirements Manuscript Read the darn Instructions to Authors! Assembling Evidence Assembling All papers support their conclusions with All evidence: evidence: Observational data Case descriptions Photographs Citations of published papers Etc. Evidence for the Research paper Evidence Papers to be cited Papers read before and while drawing up the Papers research proposal research Papers that came to your attention during the Papers research research Papers found in a final search immediately Papers before you decide to report the research in a paper paper Evidence for the Research paper Evidence Descriptions of study designs and Descriptions methods: methods: Papers to be cited for methods Grant application or protocol approved and Grant reviewed reviewed Evidence for the Research paper Evidence Copies of signed informed consent forms Table of data: analyzed data, with Table statistical assessments statistical Case summaries Preliminary graphs, with statistical Preliminary assessments if necessary assessments Illustrations: radiographs, EKGs, Illustrations: preliminary sketches for artwork preliminary Evidence for the Case Report Evidence Clinic records and case summaries from Clinic those records those Tables of data: data illustrating clinical Tables course; data from special studies course; Preliminary graphs of same Papers to cite Photographs and permissions; Photographs radiographs, EKG, and similar records radiographs, Permissions Permissions Needed for: Previously published items Photographs Letters and other communications For acknowledgements And Now And You finally get to sit down and start on the You Introduction Introduction Of course, you already: Chose the title Know your authorship Have the abstract ready Now start writing ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/03/2012 for the course CLIN 51507 taught by Professor Long during the Fall '11 term at Palmer Chiropractic.

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