icac assess - NAME THAT TUNE ….you ain’t gettin no...

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Unformatted text preview: NAME THAT TUNE ….you ain’t gettin no younger, your pain and your hunger they’re drivin’ you home. And freedom, oh freedom, well that’s just some people talkin’. Your prison is walkin’ through this world all alone. Assessing the (Aging) Patient: Patient: A Chiropractic Perspective Lisa Zaynab Killinger, DC Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research Successfully Negotiating Negotiating The Age Wave... The Geriatric Population The q In last 100 years total population increased by 5X, geriatric population increased by 15X. Morbidity Morbidity q Most frequent conditions occurring per 100 elderly: – Arthritis (50) – Hypertension (36) – Hearing impairments (29) – Cataracts (17) – Orthopedic impairment (16) – Sinusitis (15) – Diabetes (10) Assessing Aging Patients: Why? Patients: Assessment Overview q Physical Assessment q Functional Assessment q Cognitive Assessment q Nutritional/Oral Health Assessment q Safety q Others Physical Assessment Physical q History q Physical Exam q Ortho/Neuro Exam q Chiropractic Exam q Your Five Senses and the Patients’! Functional Assessment Functional q How well does the patient care for him/herself? q How well does the patient ‘get around’? Ways to Assess Functional Status Functional q Barthel Index q Functional Status Index q Get Up ‘N Go q Observation and other useful strategies Cognitive Status Cognitive Mini Mental State Exam Mini q Orientation q Registration q Attention/Calculation q Recall q Language q Part II What’s Important What’s To Our Patients? Baseline assessment score q Vigilance for marked or sudden changes!! q Watch for polypharmacy! Drugs are confusing. q Nutritional/Oral Health Status Status But We Are Chiropractors! Chiropractors Yes, and to our patients, we are also ‘doctors’!! we Assessing Nutritional Health Health q Teeth, gums, lips, jaw, dentures q Weight loss or gain > 10 lbs? q Have trouble affording enough or healthy foods? Safety ! Safety We Can Promote Safety We q Fall Hazard Checklist q Home Safety Checklist q Seatbelt Use/Driving Safety q Prevention/Health Promotion Be A Team Player!! Be q Promoting Wellness: An Evidence-Based Plan Evidence-Based Assessment Strategies – Establish base-line, screen for risk factors or problems, assess, focus rehabilitation goals, monitor course. – ADL Scales commonly used, more helpful in gross impairment screening. – Physical exam must seek to establish base-line sense of patient strength, ROM. Promoting Wellness Promoting Maximize joint function, q Prevent acute and sub-acute episodes of physiologic loss. q Involve the patient in healthy behaviors. – Activity/exercise must include flexibility, resistance, and endurance. q q Appropriate Nutrition q Do not get hung-up on cholesterol q 3 day dietary survey – vegetable and fruit intake q Water intake important! q Social and Mental stimulation. – Clubs, volunteerism, work. Incorporate Prevention EARLY in Your Practice EARLY q q q Habits – Smoking – Diet/Weight – Activity – Hobbies – Reading Occupation Social Integration What About Osteoporosis? Osteoporosis? What Do We Know? What Osteoporosis is the most common skeletal disorder. q It is the second most common skeletal cause of disability (after arthritis). q Osteoporosis costs 6 billion annually q By 2010, the costs may exceed 60 billion annually in US alone!! (Holbrook, et al) q What Else Do We Know? What q Exercise prevents and reverses! q Hormones Help (HRT?) q Diet Helps q Caffeine/Soda/Alcohol/Tobacco Hurts Who Is At Risk? Who q Females: Small framed, thin, fair q Sedentary q Post Menopausal/Early Menopause/Hysterectomy q Family history of osteoporosis Controllable Risks Controllable q Dislike or avoid dairy products? q Drink coffee or soft drinks? q Drink alcohol or smoke? q Don’t exercise? q Use steroids? So Doctors, What Can We Do? What Low Force Techniques Low (you know this stuff!) q Logan Basic q AO q SOT q Activator q Nimmo q Other Soft Tissue Techniques? General Tips General q Watch for orthostatic hypotension. q Support the patient. q Use a lighter touch/technique. q Take X-rays! q Listen to/look at the patient. q Talk about diet, exercise, lifestyle, etc. Which Leads Us To… Which Injury Prevention If Not Us, Then Who? If Injuries Injuries q Occur mostly at home q More serious in older patients q Are most often due to falls q Kill even our healthiest patients Who’s At Risk? Who’s q Osteoporosis risks? q On too many meds? q Demented? q Depressed? q Visually or hearing impaired? Injury Prevention 101 Injury q Know your patient. q Assess and reassess your patient. q Ask questions. q Give advice; sound advice. q Follow up and follow through! Promoting Successful Aging Aging Some Chiropractic Cases That Make You Think…. That Nel is a 68 year old red headed farmNel raised Iowa girl. She hates doctors. raised (Healthy as a horse!) She comes to see you for neck pain. She smokes, and so she breathes laboriously. In her exam you also notice a lesion on her nose. She says she has had it for years. It scabs over then is fine for months, then scabs over again. She is annoyed by your questions about her nose; She just wants you to fix her neck! just OK, what next? OK, Harry is a 70 year old diabetic patient. He has seen many chiros. for his low back pain and sciatica. He comes in today with leg pain. He said it started off as foot pain, then started hurting higher up. Now his whole leg hurts. His foot appears kind of reddish. His leg is really bothering him and he wants an adjustment. What next? an q Take Home Messages You can promote “successful aging”. q Assessment is key! q Be a DOCTOR of chiropractic. q Be a team player! q THANK YOU !!! THANK ...
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