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Langdon - Nicholas GILMAN(1755-1814 Senate Years of Service...

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Langdon, John Langdon, John, 1741–1819, American political leader, b. Portsmouth, N.H. A prosperous merchant, Langdon was active in pre-Revolutionary activities. In 1775 he became a delegate to the Continental Congress, and in Nov., 1775, he accompanied Robert R. Livingston and Robert Treat Paine on an unsuccessful mission to win Canada to the patriot cause. In the Saratoga campaign (1777) he financed the New Hampshire militia under Gen. John Stark in the expedition against General Burgoyne, and he saw action himself at Bennington and Saratoga. After the war he was (1785–86, 1788–89) president (governor) of New Hampshire. Langdon was a delegate to the U.S. Constitutional Convention, and it was largely through his efforts that New Hampshire ratified the Constitution as the ninth state, thus making the instrument effective. As U.S. Senator (1789–1801) he aligned himself more and more with the Jeffersonians, but he declined national offices. Langdon was governor of New Hampshire from 1805 to 1809 and from 1810 to 1812.
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Unformatted text preview: Nicholas GILMAN (1755-1814) Senate Years of Service: 1805-1814 Party: Democratic Republican GILMAN, Nicholas, (brother of John Taylor Gilman and granduncle of Charles Jervis Gilman), a Delegate, a Representative, and a Senator from New Hampshire; born in Exeter, Rockingham County, N.H., August 3, 1755; pursued an academic course; employed as a clerk in his father’s countinghouse; served in the continental army during the Revolutionary War; Member of the Continental Congress 1787-1789; member of the Constitutional Convention 1787-1789; elected to the First and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1789-March 3, 1797); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1796; chairman, Committee on Revisal and Unfinished Business (Fourth Congress); elected in 1805 as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate; reelected in 1811 and served from March 4, 1805, until his death in Philadelphia, Pa., May 2, 1814; interment in Exeter Cemetery, Exeter, N.H....
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