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Critical_Thinking_11

Critical_Thinking_11 - INTRODUCTION TO CRITICAL THINKING...

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Unformatted text preview: INTRODUCTION TO CRITICAL THINKING “There are multiple decisions which you have to make entirely by yourself. You can’t lean on anybody else. And a good commander, once he issues an order, must receive complete compliance. An indecisive commander cannot achieve instant compliance. Or one who is unable to make up his own mind and tries to lean on his subordinates will never achieve instant compliance either.” General Curtis LeMay, from Mission With Lemay CLASS OVERVIEW • History of Critical Thinking • Fundamentals of Critical Thinking • Skills Needed to Think Critically • Intellectual Standards • Elements of Reasoning • Common Fallacies • Defend the importance of critical thinking for Air Force Leaders • Explain the importance of applying the intellectual standards to the elements of reasoning • Justify the need for effective questioning Samples of Behavior HISTORY • The Beginning: Socrates • Early Years: Plato, Aristotle and other Greek philosophers • Middle Ages: Francis Bacon • Today: Albert Einstein, Mark Twain, Harry Houdini and Carl Sagan FUNDAMENTALS • The Essence of Critical Thinking is:- The ability to assess reasoning;- The ability to take apart thoughts to draw logical conclusions. • Critical Thinking Defined: - A logical process that makes the decision making of leaders more manageable. COMMUNICATIONS SKILLS • Critical Listening • Critical Reading • Critical Writing IN THE END . . . • Critical Thinking is: The art of thinking about your thinking while you are thinking in order to make your thinking better INTELLECTUAL STANDARDS 1. Clarity - A gateway standard relevant to all others- A statement or question must be clear to determine accuracy, relevance, logicalness INTELLECTUAL STANDARDS...
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Critical_Thinking_11 - INTRODUCTION TO CRITICAL THINKING...

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