USMC - United States Marine Corps United States Marine...

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Unformatted text preview: United States Marine Corps United States Marine Corps Maj Palmer, USMC MOI, UCLA/USC ROTC Overview Overview ●USMC Status ●USMC Missions ●USMC Doctrine ●USMC Organization ●Marine Operating Forces ●USMC Myth and Reality Terminal Learning Objectives Terminal Learning Objectives ●Explain the Marine Corps’ status among the armed services. ●List the missions of the Marine Corps. ●List the elements of the Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF). ●List the four types of MAGTF. USMC Status USMC Status ●Separate Military Service ●National Security Act of 1947 ●Separate Roles and Missions ●Part of Department of Navy not U.S. Navy ●Commandant reports to Secretary of the Navy ●No Secretary of the Marine Corps ●Commandant responsible for operational readiness of the entire Corps USMC Missions USMC Missions ●Seize and defend advanced naval bases ●Conduct land operations incident to naval campaigns ●Provide security forces for naval shore installations and ship detachments ●Develop amphibious doctrine, equipment, tactics and equipment ●Perform duties directed by President USMC Core Competencies USMC Core Competencies ●Expeditionary Readiness ●Combined Arms Operations ●Expeditionary Operations ●Sea­based Operations ●Forcible Entry from the Sea ●Reserve Integration USMC Operational Concepts USMC Operational Concepts ● Maneuver Warfare ● Operational Maneuver From the Sea (OMFTS) ● Capstone operational concept ● Uses sea as maneuver space ● Applicable across range of operations ● Executed in concert with the Navy ● Emphasis on littorals ● Links naval and maneuver warfare ● Ship to Objective Maneuver (STOM) ● Tactically implements OMFTS ● Reduces “footprint” ashore ● Sea based logistics and command and control USMC Organization USMC Organization Three Basic Components ●Headquarters Marine Corps (HQMC) ●Supporting establishment ●Operating forces USMC Organization USMC Organization Headquarters Marine Corps ● “Executive branch” of USMC ● Provides professional assistance to the Secretary of the Navy ● Coordinates actions of USMC organizations ● Assists in communication between Secretary of Defense and combatant commanders in time of war USMC Organization USMC Organization Supporting Establishment ● Marine Corps Combat Development Command ● Marine Corps Recruit Depots ● Marine Corps Supply Depots ● Marine Corps Bases and Air Stations ● Marine Corps Districts ● The Marine Band ● The Marine Corps Reserve USMC Organization USMC Organization Operating Forces ●Marine Corps Forces ●Fleet Marine Forces ●Marine Air Ground Task Forces (MAGTF) USMC Organization USMC Organization Marine Air­Ground Task Force (MAGTF) USMC Organization USMC Organization Components of the MAGTF ●Command Element ●Ground Combat Element ●Aviation Combat Element ●Logistics Combat Element Marine Expeditionary Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) Marine Expeditionary Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) ●Components ●MEU Headquarters ●Reinforced Infantry Battalion ●Composite Helicopter Squadron ●Combat Logistics Battalion Marine Expeditionary Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) ●Immediate response sea­based MAGTF ●Commanded by Colonel ●Forward deployed aboard Amphibious Ready Group (ARG) ●Self sustainable for 15 days ●Meets CINC’s forward presence and limited power projection requirements Marine Expeditionary Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) MEU Special Operations Capable (MEUSOC) qualification ● TRAP ­ Tactical Recovery Aircraft Personnel ● NEO ­ Noncombatant Evacuation Operation ● Raids ● Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief ● In extremis Hostage Rescue ● Direct Action Missions Marine Expeditionary Marine Expeditionary Units (MEU) h 11tth MEU MEU 13th MEU 15th MEU 22nd MEU 24th MEU 26th MEU 31 MEU Marine Expeditionary Marine Expeditionary Brigade (MEB) Commanded by Brigadier General Self sustainable for 30 days Elements: Infantry Regiment Marine Air Group Combat Logistics Regiment MEB staffs are cadres pulled from MEF Marine Expeditionary Marine Expeditionary Brigade (MEB) 1 MEB MEB st st 2nd MEB 4th MEB rd 3rd MEB MEB Marine Expeditionary Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF) ● Principle warfighting organization in USMC ● Commanded by Lieutenant General ● Self sustainable for 60 days ● Composition ● Marine Division ● Marine Air Wing ● Marine Logistics Group Marine Expeditionary Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF) I MEF II MEF III MEF Marine Division Marine Division Marine Division Marine Division ● Fights using combined arms tactics ● Tailors to meet the demands of any mission ● Composition ● HQ battalion ● (3) Infantry Regiments ● (1) Artillery regiment ● (1) Tank Battalion ● (1) Assault Amphibious Vehicle Battalion ● (1) Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion ● (1) Combat Engineer Battalion Marine Division Marine Division ●By the numbers: 17,900 Marines ●(58) M1A1 Main Battle Tanks ●(233) Amphibious Assault Vehicles ●(130) Light Armored Reconnaissance Vehicles ●(72) 155 mm Howitzers ●(161) 88 mm and 60 mm Mortars ●(108) Dragon Anti Tank Missiles ●(186) TOW Anti Tank Missiles Marine Aircraft Wing Marine Aircraft Wing Marine Aircraft Wing Marine Aircraft Wing ●Complete Range of Air Operations ●Anti­Air Warfare ●Offensive Air Support ●Assault Support ●Aerial Reconnaissance ●Electronic Warfare ●Control of Aircraft and Missiles Marine Aircraft Wing Marine Aircraft Wing •By the numbers: 14,800 Marines (12) KC­130 (48) F/A­18A/C (36) F/A­18D (60) AV­8B (10) EA­6B (72) CH­46 (36) AH­1W (32) CH­53E (18) UH­1N (60) Avengers (30) Stinger Teams Marine Logistics Group Marine Logistics Group Marine Logistics Group Marine Logistics Group ●Provides sustained combat service support above and beyond the organic capabilities of the other elements of the MAGTF ●Beans ●Bullets ●Band Aids ●Bad Guys Maritime Pre­positioning Maritime Pre­positioning Force (MPF) Maritime Pre­positioning Maritime Pre­positioning Force (MPF) ● “Fifth Element” of MAGTF ● Three MPF squadrons of five ships each ● USNS ships ● Each squadron maintains a Brigade’s worth of equipment ­ ready to use ● Water making and fuel stores ● Capable of off­load in less than 17 days ● Successfully used in Desert Storm, Restore Hope and Iraqi Freedom MPF Squadrons MPF Squadrons MPSRON - 1 MPSRON MPSRON - 3 MPSRON - 2 Sample MEF Area of Control Sample MEF Area of Control (-)(Rein) (-)(Rein) RCT-7 RCT-1 (Rein) 1 (Rein) 8 3 (Rein) (Rein) 1 7 1 1 (Rein) 23 3 5 (-) x S 10 2 BCT 2 (Rein) MP 11 2 2 x (Rein) (-)(Rein) 2 1 506 1 503 1 2 BCT 5 (Rein) 3 24 (Rein) 44 1 (-) 1 2 (Rein) 9 2 24 BLACK WATCH 31 1 3 18 Special Purpose Special Purpose MAGTF ● Temporarily established to accomplish specific missions that are inappropriate for MEF, MEB or MEU ● Draws forces from: ● Marine Divisions ● Marine Air Wings ● Force Service Support Groups ● Hurricane Katrina “Warriors from the Sea” USMC: What we are… USMC: What we are… ● A forward deployed force ● A Truly expeditionary force in readiness ● An instrument of real presence ● A young force ● A lean force ● An inexpensive force ● An institutionally paranoid force “If we didn’t have a Marine Corps, we would have to invent one.” …and what we are not ● An Army ● Immense combat power ● Logistics for the sustained fight ● An Air Force ● Strategic Lift ● Air­to­Air Refueling ● Numbers & Endurance ● Strategic Piece ● A Special Operations Force ● Training ● Equipment Bottom Line Bottom Line ●The Marine Corps can: ●Kick down the front door ●Go in the back door (stealth and surprise) ●Knock the house down (destroy) ●Fix the house (humanitarian­disaster relief) ●The Navy­Marine Corps Team can: ●Loiter for long periods (threat, diplomatic pressure) ●Self sustain Bottom Line Bottom Line ●The Marine Corps cannot: ●Replace the Army ●Replace the Air Force ●Replace Special Operations Forces Summary Summary Questions? ...
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