chapter16 Blood

chapter16 Blood - Chapter 16 Blood About this Chapter...

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Chapter 16 Blood
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About this Chapter Plasma and the cellular elements of blood Blood cell production Red blood cells Platelets and coagulation
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Composition of Blood Figure 16-1 (1 of 2) BLOOD Gases such as such as Plasma Ions Trace elements and vitamins O2 CO2 Proteins Glucose Lipids Nitrogenous waste Globulins Fibrinogen Amino acids Albumins Organic molecules Water is composed of
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Composition of Blood Figure 16-1 (2 of 2) Cellular elements Red blood cells White blood cells Platelets Lymphocytes Monocytes Neutrophils Eosinophils Basophils include m 0 5 10 15 BLOOD is composed of
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Plasma Proteins Table 16-1
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Cellular Elements Three main cellular elements Red blood cells – also called erythrocytes Platelets – split off from megakaryocytes White blood cells – also called leukocytes Lymphocytes – are also called immunocytes Monocytes – develop into macrophages Neutrophils – neutrophils along with monocytes and macrophages are known as phagocytes Eosinophils – eosinophils along with neutrophils and basophils are also called granulocytes Basophils – tissue basophils are called mast cells
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Hematopoiesis Figure 16-2 (1 of 2) Uncommitted stem cells Pluripotent hematopoietic stem cell Committed progenitor cells Erythroblast Megakaryocyte Lymphocyte stem cells BONE MARROW
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Hematopoiesis Figure 16-2 (2 of 2) Erythroblast Megakaryocyte Reticulocyte Erythrocyte Platelets Basophil Eosinophil Neutrophil Monocyte Lymphocyte BONE MARROW CIRCULATION
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Blood Cells Table 16-2
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Clinical Tests Hematocrit : ratio of red blood cells to plasma
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chapter16 Blood - Chapter 16 Blood About this Chapter...

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