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Unformatted text preview: Exam Name___________________________________ MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Adipocytes secrete the hormone A) ghrelin. B) leptin. C) neuropeptide Y. D) orexin. E) insulin. 2) Which is NOT produced in the body for the purpose of storing extra calories? A) fat B) protein C) carbohydrate D) All of the above are produced in the body for that purpose. 3) The nutrients that yield the most energy per gram when metabolized are A) carbohydrates. B) proteins. C) fats. D) nucleic acids. E) vitamins. 4) Diet- induced thermogenesis is highest after ingestion of A) spicy foods, like jalapeno peppers. B) fats. C) proteins. D) carbohydrates. 5) The synthesis of glucose from a noncarbohydrate precursor is referred to as A) glycogenesis. B) glycogenolysis. C) glycolysis. D) gluconeogenesis. E) glycogen. 6) During the fasting state, the energy stores of the __________ become the major source of glucose for the whole body. A) brain B) liver C) muscles D) pancreas E) adipose tissues 1 7) Lipoproteins that carry mostly cholesterol and phospholipids from peripheral tissues to the liver are called A) very low- density lipoproteins (VLDLs). B) low- density lipoproteins (LDLs). C) intermediate- density lipoproteins (IDLs). D) high- density lipoproteins (HDLs). E) very high- density lipoproteins (VHDLs). 8) The alpha cells of the pancreas produce A) insulin. B) glucagon. C) renin. D) cortisol. E) digestive enzymes. 9) The beta cells of the pancreas produce A) insulin. B) glucagon. C) renin. D) cortisol. E) digestive enzymes. 10) When blood glucose levels rise, as in the &quot;fed&quot; state, A) insulin is released....
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