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Exam4 study guide

Exam4 study guide - Biology 235 Trubovitz Lecture 4 Study...

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Biology 235 Trubovitz Lecture 4 Study Guide Be able to complete the following in preparation for the 4 th exam. This is just a guide, review the PowerPoint and read the textbook. This is a dynamic guide, meaning it will be modified regularly as needed. Chapter 13 1. Recognize how reflexes may be classified (Table 13-1) 2. Compare somatic monosynaptic and polysynaptic reflexes. Give an example for each reflex. 3. Compare autonomic reflexes with somatic. Note how brain may be involved or not. 4. Define proprioceptor. 5. Explain the function and location of muscle spindles and GTO’s. 6. Differentiate between extrafusal and intrafusal fibers. 7. Describe the role of the basal nuclei in voluntary motor control and how relates to Parkinsonism. 8. Explain what causes tetanus, the agent and the toxin. How it works and how it is treated and how prevented. Chapter 14 1. Be able to list materials that are transported through the CVS. Note if going to or from a particular region (Table 14-1). 2. Distinguish between systemic and pulmonary circuits. 3. Define artery and vein. 4. Note how pressure effects blood flow. 5. List how blood pressure may be influenced in the body. 6. Explain Flow α P. 7. Explain and give the relationship between blood flow and resistance. 8. Compare flow rate and velocity of flow for blood. 9. Identify the following heart components: right atrium right ventricle left atrium left ventricle bicuspid valve tricuspid valve semilunar valves aorta pulmonary trunk SVC IVC Pulmonary arteries Pulmonary veins myocardium 10. Trace blood through the chambers and valves in order from entrance to exit. 11. Compare cardiac muscle excitation with skeletal muscle, especially noting the role of the ions involved and refractory period. 12. Compare autorhythmic and contractile cells of the heart. 13. Explain what a “funny” channels are, and why funny? 14. List, in order the path of the electrical conducting system of the heart. Include the following: SA node Internodal pathways AV node AV bundle Bundle of His R bundle branch L bundle branch Purkinje fibers Intercalated disks 15. Define fibrillation compare atrial and ventricular fibrillation.
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