final practice Ch22 Metabolism balance Ch23 Endocrine Ch24 Immune Ch26 Reproduction

Final practice Ch22 Metabolism balance Ch23 Endocrine Ch24 Immune Ch26 Reproduction

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Unformatted text preview: Exam Name___________________________________ MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The brain neurotransmitter that is an important stimulus for food intake is A) ghrelin. B) leptin. C) neuropeptide Y. D) orexin. E) insulin. 2) Adipocytes secrete the hormone A) ghrelin. B) leptin. C) neuropeptide Y. D) orexin. E) insulin. 3) The synthesis of glucose from a noncarbohydrate precursor is referred to as A) glycogenesis. B) glycogenolysis. C) glycolysis. D) gluconeogenesis. E) glycogen. 4) During the fasting state, the energy stores of the __________ become the major source of glucose for the whole body. A) brain B) liver C) muscles D) pancreas E) adipose tissues 5) Lipoproteins that carry mostly cholesterol and phospholipids from peripheral tissues to the liver are called A) very low- density lipoproteins (VLDLs). B) low- density lipoproteins (LDLs). C) intermediate- density lipoproteins (IDLs). D) high- density lipoproteins (HDLs). E) very high- density lipoproteins (VHDLs). 6) The alpha cells of the pancreas produce A) insulin. B) glucagon. C) renin. D) cortisol. E) digestive enzymes. 1 7) When blood glucose levels rise, as in the "fed" state, A) insulin is released. B) glucagon is released. C) peripheral cells take up less glucose. D) protein synthesis decreases. E) all of the above 8) Which of the following factors increases basal metabolic rate? A) thyroid hormones B) acetylcholine C) insulin D) epinephrine E) A and D 9) Glucagon A) stimulates gluconeogenesis. B) primarily targets the liver. C) primarily targets skeletal muscle. D) A and B E) A and C 10) Dehydration can result from A) heat exhaustion. B) CCK. C) diabetes. D) gluconeogenesis. E) A and C 11) When blood glucose levels fall, A) insulin is released. B) glucagon is released. C) peripheral cells take up less glucose. D) protein synthesis decreases. E) all of the above 12) During starvation, A) carbohydrate utilization increases. B) gluconeogenesis accelerates. C) there is a decline in circulating ketone bodies. D) structural proteins cannot be used as a potential energy source. E) all of the above 13) The brain can use only __________ for energy. A) glucose B) fats C) ketones D) lactate E) A and C 7) When blood glucose levels rise, as in the "fed" state, A) insulin is released. B) glucagon is released. C) peripheral cells take up less glucose. D) protein synthesis decreases. E) all of the above 8) Which of the following factors increases basal metabolic rate? A) thyroid hormones B) acetylcholine C) insulin D) epinephrine E) A and D 9) Glucagon A) stimulates gluconeogenesis. B) primarily targets the liver. C) primarily targets skeletal muscle....
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Final practice Ch22 Metabolism balance Ch23 Endocrine Ch24 Immune Ch26 Reproduction

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