7. Consciousness Part Two

7. Consciousness Part Two - Consciousness Part Two Altered...

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Unformatted text preview: Consciousness Part Two Altered Levels of Consciousness • Hypnosis: systematic procedure that typically produces a heightened sense of susceptibility • Various factors involved in hypnosis – Anesthesia – Sensory Distortions – Disinhibition – Post-hypnotic amnesia • Hilgard – Altered level of consciousness; dissociation • Spanos – Subjects interpret their behavior as caused by something other than self – Rituals: surrounding hypnosis increase suggestibility and create expectations – Good hypnotic subjects: are those more likely to be absorbed in fantasy. • Summation of Spano’s beliefs: – Hypnosis represents a voluntary action, brought about by expectations – Hypnotic behaviors are highly motivated, goal- directed social behaviors – Hypnosis is not truly an altered state of consciousness – Good hypnotic subjects are most suggestible Altered States: The Impact of Drugs on Consciousness • Psychoactive Drugs: a substance that affects perception, mood, thinking, memory or behavior by changing the body’s chemistry • Tolerance: the progressive decrease in a person’s responsiveness to a drug • Dependence: – Psychological Dependence: person must continue to take a drug to satisfy emotional cravings – Physical Dependence: person must continue to take to avoid withdrawal illness. Categories of Drugs • Stimulants: speed up activity in the CNS • Opiates/Narcotics: mimic endorphins, increase pleasure and decrease pain •...
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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7. Consciousness Part Two - Consciousness Part Two Altered...

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