10. Language and Thought

10. Language and Thought - Language and Thought Language:...

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Language and Thought
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Language: system of symbols, sounds meanings and rules of combination that allow for communication among humans Benjamin Whorf: Linguistic relativity – one’s language determines one’s thoughts
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Structure of Language Phonemes: “c” at or “b” at Initial phonemes b “i” t or b “a” t Middle phonemes -Morphemes: smallest unit of meaning in a language
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Semantics: the study of the meaning of words/combinations/sentences Syntax: the structure of a language, underlying rules of order/function Gleason Study: language rules are generative Overregularizations: grammatical rules incorrectly generalized to “exception” cases
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Language Acquisition Device: (Chomsky) humans possess an inborn language mechanism Hard-wired to sort input from 20-80 phonemes Lose by 12 months
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Surface structure: particular words used to describe things Deep structure: notion of nouns, verbs, commands Chomsky believes languages differ only in surface structure
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Expressive (productive) Language: the ability to produce language Receptive Language: the ability to comprehend, process, and integrate the meaning of language Children usually have a > capacity for receptive speech
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Stages in Language Development Crying Cooing: vowel like noises Babbling: consonant/vowel: ba ba; da da First Words Holophrases: simple word conveys meaning
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10. Language and Thought - Language and Thought Language:...

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