11. Intelligence - Intelligence Intelligence: combines...

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Intelligence
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Intelligence: combines verbal ability, problem solving skills and the ability to adapt and learn from life’s everyday experiences
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Intelligence: historically defined by how we “measure” it Alfred Binet: developed intelligence tests to identify slow learners Mental Age: based on ability not chronological age
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However, this formula for IQ was flawed. A child with a mental age of 6 and a chronological age of 5 would have the asme IQ as a child with a mental age of 12 and a chronological age of 11
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Newer tests were developed with norms for all age groups based on a standard distribution Stanford-Binet and Wechsler Intelligence Tests are still used today
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Wechsler Intelligence Tests: WPPSI: preschool WISC: children WAIS: adults Results in a Verbal IQ, Performance IQ and Full Scale IQ score Based on norms for the population: 100 is the mean; normal range: 85-115
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The Flynn Effect: James Flynn found that from one generation to the next there have been steady gains in IQ scores cross culturally Hypotheses: more time in school, better educated parents, better nutrition, broader exposure through media
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Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale most recently revised in 2008 Wechsler’s view of intelligence: “The global capacity of a person to act purposefully, to think rationally and to deal effectively with his/her environment”
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Test Revisions for the WAIS-IV (2008) identifies several scale scores Verbal Comprehension Scale Perceptual Reasoning Scale Working Memory Scale Processing Speed Scale
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Sample of Verbal Subtests Vocabulary: breadth of concepts, ideas, and experiences, + correlated with overall IQ Information: basic fund of information; culturally sensitive Comprehension: awareness of socially appropriate behavior, rules and roles Similarities:
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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11. Intelligence - Intelligence Intelligence: combines...

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