14. Development Part Two

14. Development Part Two - Development Part Two •...

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Unformatted text preview: Development Part Two • Attachment Deprivation: Harlow Monkey Studies – Reared Monkeys in isolated or with a surrogate mother – After 6 months sent back to colony – Isolated monkeys showed indifference, were terrified or were aggressive with other monkeys, failed to form relationships with opposite sex, were abusive to their offspring • Attachment and Contact Comfort: – Hypothesized that animals/humans need warmth, comfort as a primary need. Peer Relationships • Arena for exercising independence from adults and adult control • Equal footing relationship • Help translate and establish trends/groups belonging, behavior codes • Serve as role models • Provide emotional support • Adolescence – Adolescent growth spurt: rapid growth in height and weight as the body is preparing for hormonal shifts/ maturation – Asynchrony: certain body parts grow at different speeds leading to a lack of proportion – Recent research indicates that final maturation of the prefrontal cortex takes place in adolescence. This area is responsible for organization, planning, emotional regulation and impulse control Puberty: sexual functions reach maturity, impacts social and emotional development Menarche: first occurrence of menstruation Spermarche: first occurrence of ejaculation – Early maturing males: have positive self- concepts – Early maturing females: greater chance of depression, anxiety, eating disorders Elkind • Adolescent Egocentricism: way of thinking the world is focused on themselves...
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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14. Development Part Two - Development Part Two •...

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