15Personality - Personality Personality: a distinctive...

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Unformatted text preview: Personality Personality: a distinctive pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives and emotions that are consistent in an individual over time Personality traits: long-term disposition to behave in particular ways in a variety of situations Cattels Theory of Personality: Studied traits using factor analysis Developed the 16 Personality Factors Questionnaire Examples: reserved-outgoing; relaxed-tense; trusting-suspicious McRae and Costa: Developed the Big Five personality traits; believe most personality traits fall under these categories. OCEAN Psychodynamic Theory Freuds Psychoanalytic Theory Focus on the influences of early childhood Emphasis on unconscious motives/conflicts Primary focus on sexual and aggressive urges Freuds Basic Structures of Personality Id: impulses/dominated by pleasure/avoid pain Ego: voice of reason, mediator of id/superego, helps find compromises Superego: moral component of personality; rigid standards Defense Mechanisms: responses to anxiety which is caused by internal conflicts; attempts to reduce distress of anxiety/guilt Examples of Defense Mechanisms Displacement Rationalization Denial Carl Jung Analytical Psychology Freudian influenced Personal Unconscious:...
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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15Personality - Personality Personality: a distinctive...

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