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17. Stress and Coping Part Two

17. Stress and Coping Part Two - Stress and Coping Part Two...

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Stress and Coping Part Two
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Personality Traits and styles also impact response to stressful situations. Type A personalities: competitive, impatient, and more prone to aggression Type B personalities: more relaxed, easy going and less quick to anger
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Stress and Personality Style interact with health: Style interact with health; Type A personalities have 2x the risk of disease (esp. heart disease) Stress in general lowers/decreases the body’s immune responses
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Personality Traits may also serve as positive moderators Conscientiousness has been associated with positive physical health and higher rates of longevity (Terman’s sample) May gravitate toward healthier environments Less reactivity to stress Less likely to exhibit unhealthy habits like smoking, drinking, risk taking
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Health Impairing Behaviors Additional health issues associated with stress: smoking poor nutritional habits lack of exercise alcohol / drug use risky behaviors Road Rage and Stress
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Smoking and Health Smokers have a significantly shorter life expectancy than non-smokers Lung cancer, heart disease as well as other cancers, hypertension and emphysema are all smoking related illnesses Smokers underestimate the health risks Smokers overestimate their ability to quit (Weiten reports long term success at 25%)
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