18. Psychological Disorders

18. Psychological Disorders - Psychopathology Mental...

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Psychopathology
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Mental Disorder: any behavior or emotional state that causes distress or suffering, is maladaptive and disturbs relationships and the greater community Legal Standards: whether or not a person is in control of behavior and aware of the consequences of his/her actions
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Classifying Mental Disorders DSM-IV TR: Standard reference book for all disorders Around 300 mental disorders in this latest version Descriptive and provides a set criteria for diagnosis
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DSM-IV TR: 5 Axes or Dimensions 1) Primary Clinical Problem 2) Personality Disorders & Mental retardation 3) Medical Conditions relevant to disorder 4) Social and environmental problems 5) Global Assessment of Functioning
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Problems with the DSM Classifications Danger of overdiagnoses Power of diagnostic labels Many of the symptoms are based on subjective not objective measures Some categories have political/social implications
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Disorders of Childhood Pervasive Developmental Disorders Autism: impairment in communication skills, impairment in social interactions, repetitive behaviors Asperger’s Syndrome: higher level communication skills, significant social impairment (facial feedback training)
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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Inattention, impulsivity and/or hyperactivity which is inappropriate for a child’s particular developmental age ~5% of school aged children More likely to be males Genetic link/runs in families Multimodal treatment approach: drugs and behavioral interventions
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Conduct Disorder Violate social norms Physical aggression Cruelty to animals Lack remorse May be a precursor to antisocial personality
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Tourette’s Syndrome Multiple motor and one or more vocal tics Occur many times a day nearly everyday or intermittently over a period of more than 1 year Onset before age 18 Does NOT need to interfere with functioning for diagnosis
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Anxiety Disorders
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18. Psychological Disorders - Psychopathology Mental...

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