Psych Assignment 1 - UM ID: 27303745 Psychology Assignment...

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UM ID: 27303745 Psychology Assignment #1 Anthony Cao UM ID #27303745 Psych 111- 060
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UM ID: 27303745 Psychology is a truly diverse field of study that challenges a variety of different facets of behavior and cognition, and consequently has a variety of themes. Moreover, as psychology has continued to develop as a science, it has simultaneously continued to refine its ethical standards. Both of these aspects, from psychology's various themes to its continued development, are crucial in understanding psychology as the modern science it is today. One powerful theme in psychology is the notion that psychology is empirical - “Empiricism is the premise that knowledge should be acquired through observation” (Weiten, 2007, p.21). The very reason psychology is accepted as a science is based on the fact that much of psychology is based on observable phenomena. By being a science based largely on experimentation and consequent observations, many discoveries in psychology are firmly established as fact as opposed to speculation or reasoning. For example, in the Stanford Prison Study, the evidence that suggested that “the situations and roles into which these young men were placed would be strong enough to overcome their personal characteristics and behavioral tendencies as individuals” (Hock, 2009, p.289) was largely empirical. In one case, the guards decided to use a fire extinguisher on the prisoners to quell a rebellion – clearly a very observable behavior (Hock, 2009, p.289). Next, the empirical nature of psychology can also be understood through Milgram's Obedience to Authority study. By being able to record the reactions and dialogue between the teacher and the experimenter, the psychological impact of “shocking” someone could be directly observable, such as one man's repeated concern for the “learner”, eventually refusing to continue shocking the person (Obedience, 1965). Furthermore, the number of people that shocked the learner at each interval of voltage was recorded and observable, as portrayed in a table (Hock, 2009, p.312). Another key theme of psychology is that psychology is theoretically diverse. “Theoretically
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Psych Assignment 1 - UM ID: 27303745 Psychology Assignment...

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