P Lec Notes 110910 - Psych Lecture Notes Attachment the...

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Psych Lecture Notes 11/09/10 Attachment: the affectional bond between an infant and its caretaker -Studied by Ainsworth in her attachment paradigm still being used today -The “strange situation” allows researchers to assess attachment relationships -Basic premises regarding attachment -Infants express their wish to be attached by wishing to be close to their caretaker and showing signs of distress when their caretaker departs -This emotional upset is called separation anxiety -Mothers are the most common first object of attachment -Initial attachments can occur with mother and with another person at the same time -The number of a child's attachments increase rapidly -Stranger Anxiety: develops when infants are around 6-7 months ending around 18 months. If a stranger approaches, the infant becomes afraid and reaches for the caregiver -Structure of the Strange situation -Based on Ainsworth's research, there are 4 types of attachment patterns. -Securely attached: child uses the parent as a safe base to explore. When separated, the child may not cry during absence, seek contact when parent returns, decrease crying if present (~65% of US infants) -Avoidant attachment: unresponsive to parent when present, no distress when she leaves, react to stranger similar as to parent, slow to greet parent when she returns. ~20% show this pattern in the US. -Resistant Attachment: Seek closeness with their parents, fail to explore. Upon return, display angry, resistant behavior, cannot be comforted. ~10-15% US -Disorganized/Disoriented Attachment: greatest amount of insecurity. In reunion, show disorganized, confused behaviors. Seem confused, glazed and spacey. Mothers are more avoidant and inconsistent with a lack of sensitivity to infant's needs. ~5% of infants in the US -Parenting style and child outcome research (Baumrind)
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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P Lec Notes 110910 - Psych Lecture Notes Attachment the...

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