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P Lec Notes 111110 - Psych Lecture Notes-Langer and Rodin...

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Psych Lecture Notes 11/11/10 -Langer and Rodin Study: -Maintaining a sense of control over one's life leads to greater psychological well-being in the elderly -Ways to Promote Healthy Aging -Increasing healthy behaviors -Promote companionship -Take vitamin supplements -Stay active physically and intellectually -Volunteer or work -Maintain positive relationships with family/friends -Have a positive attitude -Decrease sun exposure -Decrease smoking, drinking -Be a health care consumer; ask questions -Explore medication interactions -Find faith -Recent programs supporting the elderly and children in daycare Personality -Personality: a distinctive pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives and emotions that are consistent in an individual over time -Personality traits: long-term disposition to behave in particular ways of in a variety of situations -Cattel's Theory of Personality: -Studied traits using factor analysis -Developed the 16 Personality Factors Questionnaire -Examples: reserved, outgoing, etc -McRae and Costa: Developed the “Big Five” personality traits; believe most personality traits fall under these categories -Openness – What kinds of things are you open to do? -Conscientiousness – Proofread all of your papers? Responsible? Dependable? -Extraversion – Wants to be connected to others. Adventurous, sociable -Agreeableness – Cooperative, secure, good-natured, mild, gentle -Neuroticism – Calm or anxious? More composed or excitable? Stable or reactive?
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