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14.3 Apportionment Methods
Apportionment is the method for dividing
or allocating something among people or groups.
The
standard
divisor
is found by dividing the total poppulation under consideration by the number of items to be allocated:
Standard divisor =
total population
number of allocated items
.
The
standard quota
for a particular group is found by
dividing that group’s population by the standard divisor:
Standard quota =
tan
population of a group
s
dard divisor
.
A problem
develops when things have to be allocated in whole numbers; sometimes the usual rounding techniques don’t
add up to the number of allocated items.
Four apportionment methods to solve this problem are as follows:
Method
Divisor
Apportionment
Hamilton’s
Standard divisor =
total population
number of allocated items
.
[1] Calculate each groups standard quota; [2]
Round
each standard quota down to the nearest
whole number (lower quota); then [3] Give surplus
items one at a time to the groups with the highest
decimal parts until there are no more surplus items.
Jefferson’s
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course MGF 1107 taught by Professor Patriciabishop during the Fall '11 term at Miami Dade College, Miami.
 Fall '11
 PatriciaBishop

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