14.3 Apportionment Methods

14.3 Apportionment - 14.3 Apportionment Methods Apportionment is the method for dividing or allocating something among people or groups The

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14.3 Apportionment Methods Apportionment is the method for dividing or allocating something among people or groups. The standard divisor is found by dividing the total poppulation under consideration by the number of items to be allocated: Standard divisor = total population number of allocated items . The standard quota for a particular group is found by dividing that group’s population by the standard divisor: Standard quota = tan population of a group s dard divisor . A problem develops when things have to be allocated in whole numbers; sometimes the usual rounding techniques don’t add up to the number of allocated items. Four apportionment methods to solve this problem are as follows: Method Divisor Apportionment Hamilton’s Standard divisor = total population number of allocated items . [1] Calculate each groups standard quota; [2] Round each standard quota down to the nearest whole number (lower quota); then [3] Give surplus items one at a time to the groups with the highest decimal parts until there are no more surplus items. Jefferson’s
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course MGF 1107 taught by Professor Patriciabishop during the Fall '11 term at Miami Dade College, Miami.

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14.3 Apportionment - 14.3 Apportionment Methods Apportionment is the method for dividing or allocating something among people or groups The

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