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paper 2 - The Deeds of the Divine Augustus The Roman Empire...

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The Deeds of the Divine Augustus The Roman Empire had a large impact on Western civilization through its civilization, expansion, and growth provided by different rulers. Augustus became heir to the Roman Empire after Julius Caesar, his uncle, adopted him. Augustus ruled from 27 B.C. to 14 A.D. and was known as Octavian during this period. He was only eighteen at the time, but quickly accumulated great support. Permitted by the government, the Second Triumvirate was a compromise made by Augustus with Antony and Lepidus for joint rule of Rome’s land. Soon afterwards, Augustus and Antony teamed up to conquer Cicero in northern Greece in 42 B.C. 1 As the years carried on, Augustus and Antony constantly fought for ultimate power of the Roman land. To appear as if they were equal partners, Antony married Augustus’ sister for political relations and split the land in half. Soon enough, Antony made the mistake of falling for Cleopatra who wanted to reestablish Ptolemaic Egypt, which had different values and ethics than Rome. Augustus was quick to direct this in his favor. As he displayed himself as defending Roman traditions, he perceived Antony’s actions as disloyalty to Rome and declared war in 32 B.C. When Antony realized he had made an irreversable error, he commit suicide. With no one else is his way, Augustus’ plan came under action, “to create a system of authoritarian rule capable of being fulfilled to Rome’s past while guaranteeing future stability.” 2 1 Cannistraro, Philip V., and John J. Reich. The Western Perspective: A History of Civilization in the West. Canada: Clark Baxter, 2004, 155. 2 Cannistraro, The Western Perspective, 155-6 .
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