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Unformatted text preview: Helot – Archaic Period (600-480 BC)- The bottom of Spartan society- Serfs acquired from Spartan conquest - Not bought and sold as slaves of individual Spartiates (Belonged to the state and worked the land)- Physical labor of land to sustain divided society- Constant threat that a possible helot uprising was constant preoccupation for the Spartiates Akhenaten – - New city – established center of new cult- Developed by Akhenaton – Egyptian Pharaoh (1350-1334 BC) who rejected traditional polytheism encouraged worship on the god Aton (disk of Sun)- This was Akhenaton’s attempt to assert control and political revolution but he failed Phoenicians – • The Phoenicians are considered the Canaanite survivors • They eventually fell foul to the Greeks and Romans who once feared them • They were conquered first by the Assyrians and then by Persia • Above all they were traders and travelers throughout the Mediterranean and therefore established a series of bases through the Mediterranean and founded colonies on the islands of Cyprus, Malta, Sicily, Sardinia, and mainland Spain Herodotus – - Greek Historian “Father of History” 5 th c. BC- History as inquiry to try to understand past used to explain Persian Wars- Freedom vs. despotism- 1 st historian to collect his materials systematically, test accuracy, and arrange in a well-constructed narrative Lysistrata – • One of the best known plays written in 411 BC, the year in which fighting resumed in the Peloponnesian War – written by Aristophanes...
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- Fall '05
- Ancient Greece, Mycenaean Greece, Ancient Greek city-states