exam 2 study guide

exam 2 study guide - Environment Control and are controlled...

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Environment Control and are controlled by the environment Environmental structuring – we affect and are affected by our person-made environments The environment tells us how to behave and communicate (King library vs The Woods) Examples – grocery store, classroom Kroger: pharmacy located at end of store, seasonal items in middle, milk and bread are opposite sides, candy in check-out aisle, produce section is like a maze (shorter shelf life) Class: desks face teacher and front of room, carpet vs hard wood floor, bland walls (non- distracting) Prison: walls painted pink to reduce violence Physical vs. Functional Distance, Zone of Participation Physical: actual measurement – ft, miles Functional: easier to spend time with housemates, people closer Psychological difference is important Residents that live in middle of hall know more people Affective responses – Mark Knapp Factors produce +/- reaction to environment Negatives Formality: living room, office
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Constraint: (move around, in/out) crowded elevator, rush Distance: big thanksgiving dinner, large lecture hall Positives Warmth: color, welcoming Privacy: clubs, booth at restaurant, single vs double room Familiarity: grid city vs circular (chicago vs DC) Environment as power – location of office, status markers More dominance shown through the higher up on a floor you are, the quality of space, the size of office (pecking order) Status markers – having a parking space or secretary Gender differences – advertising, accessibility Women have more limited environmental mobility Pragmatic reasons of safety Some places are more male-oriented (strip club, bar) Male chivalry is a protection action Men have more car accidents than women Ads: men depicted in more environments (esp outdoors) Women shown in domestic settings (mr. clean) NFL now markets toward women / clothing Old Spice commercials
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Ergonomics – intersection between people and environment, usually applied in task-oriented way Airplane: important handles/controls are closest to the pilot Sit on ball at desk: posture, relax, carpal syndrome Home: designed by men, kitchen not more ergonomic for women, laundry on 1 st floor Burgoon and Saine – 9 dimensions for differentiating an environment, structured to produce an aesthetic feeling Size/volume of space Arrangement of objects Materials used Amount of linear perspective Lighting and shading Color Temperature Noise Sensory stimulation Hall – environment can be divided into 3 different categories Dynamic Type of space involved with people communicating It changes as the people change
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Hallways between classes Semifixed Enable people to increase or decrease their interactions with others and to control the general character of their transactions to some degree Arrange furniture or objects in a room a certain way Do chairs face TV or other chairs? What does this say? Fixed
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course COM 434 taught by Professor Larrynadler during the Spring '11 term at Miami University.

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exam 2 study guide - Environment Control and are controlled...

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