exam 2 material

exam 2 material - Ch5:TheSelf self-concept what we believe...

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Ch 5: The Self self-concept – what we believe to be true of ourselves (traits, feelings, qualities) content self - awareness – the act of thinking about ourselves – reader of content 4 functions of the self: self knowledge – formulate and organize what we know about ourselves self control – make plans and execute decisions self presentation – try to put our best foot forward to others self justification – try to put our best food forward to ourselves self - esteem – how we feel about our own self worth (do I like me?) self - schema – the cognitive representation and structure of our self-concept (how are the various components of our self-concept put together) Learning about self from others Cooley – looking glass self Other people tell us who we are; Tarzan Adopt to other people’s views; influence thinking of friends Mead – imagine how others see us Parents give compliment (you’re good at piano) Higher primates are self-aware (Gallup) Ape sees self in mirror w/ red nose Chimp reaches out to mirror, ape touches own nose (self awareness) Babies become self-aware (lewis & brooks)
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25% by 1 year, 75% by 2 years knew it was them, not mirror developmental sequence “are tidy” and “should be tidy” (miller) parents tell kids – kids clean classrooms better job cleaning when told “you are tidy” independent view of the self – defining oneself in terms of one’s own internal thoughts, feelings, and actions (westerners) separate self from others and value independence and uniqueness interdependent view of the self – defining oneself in terms of one’s relationships to other people; recognizing that one’s behavior is determined by the thoughts, feelings, and actions of others (non-western) connectedness and interdependence between other people is valued relational interdependence – women focus more on close relationships (spouse, children) collective interdependence – men focus on memberships to larger groups (frat, America) Learning about self from ourselves introspection – process whereby people look inward and examine their own thoughts, feelings, motives outside perspective of self – view self through eyes of others (Eastern) more self aware inside perspective of self – view self through own experiences (western) self awareness theory – when we are highly self-aware (focused on our actions), we compare mirrors, poor performance, leaving a room study ( test assessing vocab – told they’re done badly (neg feedback)
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researcher leaves to make copies – how long does it take for the person to leave? Face mirror – greater self awareness, left more quickly than those facing away the mirror amplifies the feelings of the negative feedback anagrams, mirrors, cheating study ppl that can perform more anagrams are more intelligent stop when the bell rings (tester was gone) 71% cheat facing away from mirror 7% cheat facing toward mirror
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course PSY 221 taught by Professor Hugenberg during the Summer '08 term at Miami University.

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exam 2 material - Ch5:TheSelf self-concept what we believe...

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