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exam 3 material - Ch10: Personal ad for self top 3...

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Ch 10: Interpersonal Attraction Personal ad for self – top 3 qualities for what you’re looking for Women promote attractiveness – fit, blonde Men promote status – stable job A central motivation is “self-expansion” – desire to overlap/blend with another person, so that you have access to their insights, knowledge, experience, and thus broaden and deepend your own experience of life Attraction and Relationships Kids’ Views on Relationships – why does love happen between two people? - how do you get someone to fall in love with you? Factors that increase attraction Secret relationships – footsie study 4 people sitting at a table playing a card game, can’t talk all strangers, partner sits across from you (opposite sex) can give signals under the table by touching feet ½ touch feet and opposition knows ½ keep it secret rate attraction at end of game, would u want to go out? When need to keep secret, more attracted to partner Proximity – separated couples are more likely to divorce Married, but geographically separated vs living together Proponquity effect –the more we see and interact with people, the more likely they are to become our friends (people in our dorm, house)
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Physical and functional distance – know + ppl if middle of hall Mere exposure effect – the more exposure we have to a stimulus, the more apt we are to like it. If we see people a lot, they become more familiar, and friendships bloom (or greater dislike is possible if rude) More likely to like those students sitting around you in class Familiarity – mere exposure of faces Saw face for 30 sec vs don’t see face Meet them and rate liking Liked person more when they were able to see face Similarity – coke date study “Birds of a feather flock together” vs “opposites attract” 2 students get to know eachother for 10 minutes were pre-selected to be together based on (dis)similar likes how physically attracted are you to the other? More attracted to person when they were similar Male roommates became friends with those who were demographically similar and had similar attitudes, values, personalities We are attracted to those who have similar interpersonal style and communication skills High skill people saw social interactions as complex, valued Low skill people saw social interactions as straight-forward Friendships that are low-high are frustrating, prob won’t flourish We choose to enter social situations where we find similar others Choose a painting class and find people sharing your interest Important to make distinction between actual vs percieved similarity
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Similarity vs complimentary depends on type of romantic relationship wanted; choose similar for serious, choose complimentary for a fling Reciprocal liking Knowing someone likes us fuels our attraction; can replace similarity Physiological arousal – rope bridge study Physical attraction – “what is beautiful is good” Love across cultures study Top 3: dependable, emotional stability, loyal/honest Found in ALL cultures
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