exam 4 material

exam 4 material - Ch9:GroupProcesses Group 3+ people who...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ch 9: Group Processes Group – 3+ people who interact and are interdependent in the sense that their needs and goals cause them to influence each other (2 people are dyad) Most have 3-6 members; too big limits interaction College is not a group because we don’t interact with anyone Tend to have same age, sex, beliefs, opinions 2 reasons for homogeneity groups attract people who are already similar before they join groups operate in ways that encourage similarity in the members social norms – acceptable behaviors that all members should obey social roles – shared expectations in a group about how particular people are supposed to behave. A boss’ role vs an employee’s Zimbardo prison study randomly assigned the role can take over our personal identities sense of decency became lost military guards at Abu Ghraib easy to dehumanize prisoners (different language; naked) gender roles women expected to be mother and wife changing roles cause us conflict and affect our personalities women became more independent, their rating of assertiveness increased group cohesiveness – qualities of a group that bind members together and promote liking between members
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
social facilitation (when the presence of others energizes us) the presence of others can mean two things performing a task with coworkers who are doing the same thing you are performing a task in front of audience that is only observing you cockroach study how would its behavior be influenced by peers? Scurry away from light through straight tube into dark box Cockroaches performed faster when other roaches were there Maze set up, only one outlet to the darker box Cockroaches took longer to get to the box when others watching When the task is difficult, we perform poorer in front of others The presence of others increases physiological arousal When arousal, easier to perform a dominant response (something you’re good at) but hard to do something complex or learn something new Social facilitation – the tendency for people to do better on simple tasks and worse on complex tasks when they are in the presence of others and their individual performance can be evaluated 3 theories to explain the role of arousal in social facilitation presence of other people makes us more alert when reading a book alone, we pay attention to the book other people are less predictable than the lamp in the room
Background image of page 2
alertness of people around us causes arousal, alterness explains both the animal and human studies people are often concerned about how other people evaluate them feel embarrassed if you do poorly and pleased if you do wel evaluation apprehension – concern of judgment, causes arousal it is not the presence of others but the presence of others evaluating us that causes arousal others can be distracting distraction puts us in conflict – hard to pay attention to 2 things divided attention produces arousal
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course PSY 221 taught by Professor Hugenberg during the Summer '08 term at Miami University.

Page1 / 26

exam 4 material - Ch9:GroupProcesses Group 3+ people who...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online