ch 4 notes -...

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classification system – used to subdivide or organize a set of objects assessment – gathering / organizing information about a persons behavior diagnosis – identification or recognition of a disorder on the basis of its characteristic symptoms enables the clinician to refer to the base of knowledge that has accumulated about the disorder assigning a diagnosis does not mean that the etiology is known categories vs dimensions categorical approach an object is a member of a category or not (yes/no) emphasizes differences in quality assumptions: human behavior can be divided into categories of “healthy” and “disordered” within the category of “disordered” behavior there exists discrete, nonoverlapping types of disorder that have high amount of “alikeness” dimensional approach classifies objects according to how much of a specific characteristic the objects exhibit emphasizes differences in quantity (statistical criteria, percentiles) assumptions:
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a person’s typical behavior is the product of differing strengths or intensities of behavior along several definable dimensions (aggressiveness, gender identity, anxiousness, social introversion) 0-10 people differ from on another in their “profile” of dimensional traits why do we classify abnormal behavior? - advance research - education 2 diagnostic systems: - diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM) #4 – 5 in 2012 or 13 - international classification of diseases (ICD) – europe - #10 (Thomas Zas) social problems Wider acceptance of classification systems in 1970d DSM-IV-TR Lists specific criteria for 200+ diagnostic catergories Symptoms, duration, exclusion criteria (to eliminate person) Multiaxial classification system Axis 1: clinical syndromes (PTSD)
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Axis 2: personality disorders and mental retardation Axis 3: general medical conditions (thyroid) Axis 4: psychosocial and environmental problems (homeless) Axis 5: global assessment of functioning (0-100) Higher the score, the better the person is functioning Labeling Theory – once a person is “labeled” as mentally ill, individuals surrounding the person
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ch 4 notes -...

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