ch 9 notes - Chapter9:PersonalityDisorders Personality...

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Chapter 9: Personality Disorders Personality – enduring patterns of thinking, behavior, and emotional expression that define a person and distinguish him/her from others Defining characteristics of personality disorders : persistent, maladaptive patterns of cognition, emotional responses, interpersonal functioning, or impulse control that are inconsistent with cultural expectations inflexible, pervasive, longstanding leads to social/occupational problems or distress Personality Disorders are controversial Not highly reliable Etiology poorly understood Little evidence to suggest successful treatment *Ego-Syntonic – People with personality disorders don’t view their experiences as unacceptable or abnormal; unable to view selves realistically and are unaware of the effect their behavior has on others *Ego-Dystonic – thoughts and behaviors in conflict with person’s ideal self-image DSM: Personality disorders are considered separately from other forms of psychopathology. They fall on Axis II. What’s the difference between being eccentric and having a PD? Social dysfunction – if the personality characterstics interfere with the person’s ability to get along with other people and perform social roles, they become more than just a collection of eccentric traits or peculiar habits Symptoms: Social Motivation Motives – a person’s desires or goals (either conscious or unconscious) describing how they want things to be, that help explain why people behave in a certain way Affiliation – the desire for close relationships with other ppl
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Severely diminished or absent in some with PDs Power – the desire for impact, prestige, or dominance Exaggerated in some with PDs Symptoms: Cognitive Perspectives Self-image Often unstable and unrealistic Extreme grandiosity sometimes observed Depend on others for opinions to maintain self-esteem Perceptions of others (often misperceived) Believe others are exploiting or deceiving Unreasonable fears of being criticized, rejected, or abandoned Believe others to be incompetent; bad for group work Negotiating social distance May come too intimate or too distant Empathy May struggle to anticipate and interpret others’ emotional reactions Describe how people behave Temperament – a characteristic style of relating to the world; often evident in the 1 st year of life Dimensions of activity level and emotional reactivity 5 factor model of personalty (PDs = maladaptive variations on these traits in either direction) o penness to experience c onscientiousness e xtraversion a greeableness n euroticism – extreme anxiety Breakdown of Five-Factor Model of Personality Factor: People with high scores are: OPENNESS TO EXPERIENCE Fantasy Aesthetics Preoccupied with daydreams Obsessed with unusual interests
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Feelings Actions Ideas Values Governed by strong emotionality Unpredictable Preoccupied with strange ideas Lack guiding belief systems CONSCIENTIOUSNESS Competence Order
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course PSY 242 taught by Professor Messman-moore&walker during the Spring '08 term at Miami University.

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ch 9 notes - Chapter9:PersonalityDisorders Personality...

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