The overall sample included 322 participants with the youngest participant being
18 and the oldest participant being 48, giving us a mean age of 21.7.
Of the total sample,
there were 183 males (56.3%) and 139 females (42.8%).
117 people in the sample
reported being Democratic (36%), 144 people were Republican (44.3%), 39 people
belonged to another politcal party (12%), and 21 were not registered to vote (6.5%).
vast majority of our sample included college students.
There was one freshman (.3%), 39
sophomores (12.1%), 141 juniors (43.8%), 137 seniors (42.5%), and 4 others (1.2%)
In order to gather our data, participants were selected at random to fill out a
survey as they walked into Bachelor Hall.
The majority of the sample included students,
but a few teachers were included as well.
This helped the study be able to represent a
wider variety of perspectives.
To determine descriptive statistics, nominal level questions were
Males were assigned the number 1 and females were assigned the number 2. The
biological sex variable had a mean of 1.43 and a standard deviation of .50.
Nominal level questions were also used to determine
This variable was measured along four nominal groups (Democrat =
1, Republican = 2, Other = 3, Not Registered = 4). The political affiliation variable had a
mean of 1.89 and a standard deviation of .86.
To determine school classification, an ordinal question
Participants were instructed to fill in the bubble for which class they were
To quantify our data and find an average school class, each class was
given a numerical value (First year = 1, Sophomore = 2, Junior = 3, Senior = 4, Other =
5). The school classification variable had a mean of 3.32 and a standard deviation of .71
To determine age, the participants filled out an open-ended question by
filling in their age on a blank line.
This way, they weren’t limited, and the exact range,
mean, and standard deviation were able to be calculated.
The variable of age had a mean
of 21.70, a standard deviation of 3.70, and a range of 30.
Time spent on-line
The variable of time spent on-line was determined by a
nominal level scale.
The participants were asked to choose the frequency in which they
spend time on-line.
The respondants were asked to rate on an eight point scale (1 = “0-.5
hours”, 2 = “.5-1 hours”, 3 = “1-2 hours”, 4 = “2-5 hours”, 5 = “5-10 hours”, 6 = “10-15
hours”, 7 = “15-20” hours, 8 = “25+ hours”).
With a 26-question questionnaire, the participants were
asked to indicate the degree to which the statement applied to the participant.
questions described the way some people behave while talking with or to others.
Respondents were asked to rate on a five-point scale (1 = “never”, 2 = “rarely”, 3 =