ch 6 notes - Two-party system – political system in which...

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CH 6: POLITICAL PARTIES, CAMPAIGNS, ELECTIONS Political party – an organization that sponsors candidates for political office under the organization’s name Nomination – designation as an official candidate of a political party Political system – set of interrelated institutions that links ppl with gov Party Functions Nominating candidates for election to public office Structuring the voting choice in elections Proposing alternative government programs Coordinating the actions of government officials Critical election – produces a sharp change in the existing pattern of party loyalties among groups of voters Election of 1860 Divided country between northern states (Republican) and southern states (Democratic) Election of 1896 Transformed Republican Party into a true majority party Election of 1932 Democratic Party to majority status Electoral realignment – the change in voting patterns that occurs after a critical election Electoral dealignment – party loyalty becomes less important to voters
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Unformatted text preview: Two-party system – political system in which two major political parties compete for control of the government Minor parties Bolter parties – formed from factions that split off from one of the major parties Farmer-labor parties – represent farmers and urban workers who believe that they, the working class, are not getting their share of society’s wealth Parties of ideological protest – reject prevailing doctrines and propose radically different principles, often favoring more government activism Single-issue parties – formed to promote one principle, not a general philosophy of government Majority representation – system by which one office, contested by 2+ candidates, is won by the single candidate who collects the most votes Proportional representation – system by which legislative seats are awarded to a party in proportion to the vote that party wins in an election...
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course POL 241 taught by Professor Chriskelly during the Summer '10 term at Miami University.

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