ch 8 - CH 8: SOCIAL & EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN EARLY...

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Initiative vs guilt (psychological conflict) Developing a conscious Work with others to achieve common goals Identify w same-sex parents Strict parents leads to a child not being independent Self-understanding Self-concept – abilities, values, attitude that define oneself Define self thru observable characteristics and emotions Self-esteem – judgments we make about our own worth and feelings associated with those judgments Learning things in school, making friends, getting along with parents, treating others kindly Understanding emotion Important for parents to talk about emotions 2-6 yrs become emotionally confident Talk about it, recognize, cope with negativity 4-5 yrs identify basic emotions Thinking and feeling are interconnected Able to interpret, predict, change others’ emotions Empathy Prosocial, helping behavior
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Take another’s perspective (might lead to stress) Become sociable, assertive, good at regulating emotions Relationhips with Friends Self-awareness abilities increase, express thoughts/feelings Types of play Nonsocial – look at other kids, but play by themselves Parallel – imitate play of other child; use similar materials near other child, but doesn’t try to influence their behavior Associative – comment on play, how it can be more fun, exchange toys Cooperative – play together, attain goal (house) Sociability – warmth Early friendships Emotional and social development Being accepted by classmates predicts cooperative participation in classroom activities and self-directed ompletion of learning tasks – linked to gains in achievement 4-7: share toys, pleasurable play Parental influence Social ties from play dates Demonstrate how to manage conflict Acceptance by peers Those w secure attachments are more responsive, warm, support
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Morality Development Told by parents Psychoanalytic theory Stress emotional side of conscious development Create superego by identifying with same-sex parent, adopt standards If don’t – feel guilt when misbehaving
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course PSY 231 taught by Professor Limegrover during the Fall '08 term at Miami University.

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ch 8 - CH 8: SOCIAL & EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN EARLY...

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